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Differentiate between homology and analogy. Give one example of each

Differentiate between homology and analogy. Give one example of each

Grade:12

2 Answers

Vikas TU
14149 Points
10 months ago
Dear student 
Homology : Those structure which have similar anatomy but perform different functions shows homology.
Example: Thorns of bougainvilleas and tendrils of cucurbits and forelimbs of whale and bats.
 
Analogy : Those structure which have similar functions but different anatomy shows analogy .
Example: Eye of octopus and mammals etc. Sweet potato and potato tuber.
Vikas Amritiya
askIITians Faculty 158 Points
10 months ago

Homology involves the study of organs that have evolved from same origin or from common ancestor but have different functions. For example, wings of bat and hands of humans. 
Analogy involves the study of organs that are evolved from different ancestors but perform a similar function.
For example, wings of bat and wings of insects.

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