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Diatoms are also called as ‘pearls of ocean’, why? What is diatomaceous earth?

Diatoms are also called as ‘pearls of ocean’, why? What is diatomaceous earth?

Grade:10

9 Answers

Gaurav Yadav
406 Points
8 months ago
Hey student.
 
The diatoms are the unique organisms, because of their distinctive cell walls. The walls are embedded with silica and thus the walls are indestructible. It show sculpturing and ornamentation that why Diatoms are also called as ‘Pearls of Ocean’.
Diatoms have left behind large amount of cell wall deposits in their habitat; this accumulation over billions of years is referred to as ‘diatomaceous earth’. Being gritty this soil is used in polishing, filtration of oils and syrups. Diatoms are the chief ‘producers’ in the oceans.
 
This is the answer of your question. Hope this helps you.
Nandini Sharma
25 Points
8 months ago
There is a myth that immediately after heavy rains in forest, mushrooms appear in large number and make a very large ring or circle, which may be several metres in diameter. These are called as ‘Fairy rings’. Can you explain this myth of fairy rings in biological terms?
Gaurav Yadav
406 Points
8 months ago
Hey student.
 
After heavy rains in forest, moisture and nutrients pass down in soil and activates the growth of mushroom mycelium. The basidiocarps of Agaricus (mushroom) arise from the mycelium present in the soil. They appear in a circle like a ring. As these basidiocarps resemble buttons and grow in rings, they are known as fairy rings.
 
This is the answer of your question. Hope this helps you.
Nandini Sharma
25 Points
8 months ago
Neurospora—an ascomycetes fungus has been used as a biological tool to understand the mechanism of plant genetics much in the same way as Drosophila has been used to study animal genetics. What makes Neurospora so important as a genetic tool?
Gaurav Yadav
406 Points
8 months ago
Hey student.
 
Neurospora is used as a genetic tool because it is easy to grow and has a haploid life cycle that makes genetic analysis simple since recessive traits will show up in the offspring. Beadle and Tatum exposed Neurospora crassa to X-rays, causing mutations. This led them to propose the “one gene, one en2yme” hypothesis that specific genes code for specific proteins.
 
This is the answer of your question. Hope this helps you.
Nandini Sharma
25 Points
8 months ago
Cyanobacteria and heterotrophic bacteria have been clubbed together in Eubacteria of kingdom Monera as per the “Five Kingdom Classification” even though the two are vastly different from each other. Is this grouping of the two types of taxa in the same kingdom justified? If so, why?
 
 
Gaurav Yadav
406 Points
8 months ago
Hey student.
 
Cyanobacteria and heterotrophic bacteria have been clubbed together in Eubacteria of Kingdom Monera as per the “Five Kingdom Classification” because they do not have nuclear envelope and membrane bound organelles. Their genetic material is naked. They have 70S type of ribosomes. So, cyanobacteria and heterotrophic bacteria are prokaryotes and belong, to Kingdom Monera.
 
This is the answer of your question. Hope this helps you.
Nandini Sharma
25 Points
8 months ago
At a stage of their cycle, ascomycetes fungi produce the fruiting bodies like apothecium, perithecium or cleistothecium. How are these three types of fruiting bodies different from each other?
Gaurav Yadav
406 Points
8 months ago
Hey student.
 
An apothecium is a wide, open, saucer-shaped or cup-shaped fruit body. It is sessile and fleshy. A cleistothecium is a globose, completely closed fruit body with no special opening to the outside. Perithecium are flask shaped structures opening by a pore or ostiole (short papilla opening by a circular pore).
 
This is the answer of your question. Hope this helps you.

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