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Grade: 12
        
Can u briefly explain the life cycle of a angiosperm (alternation of generation) .mention the parts of the plant which represent the sporophyte, gametophyte,spores,megasporophyl,microsporophyl.
10 months ago

Answers : (2)

Arun
21571 Points
							
The adult, or sporophyte, phase is the main phase of anangiosperm's life cycle. As with gymnosperms, angiospermsare heterosporous. Therefore, they generate microspores, which will produce pollen grains as the male gametophytes, and megaspores, which will form an ovule that contains female gametophytes.
10 months ago
dinesh
30 Points
							
The adult, or sporophyte, phase is the main phase of an angiosperm’s life cycle. As with gymnosperms, angiosperms are heterosporous. Therefore, they generate microspores, which will produce pollen grains as the male gametophytes, and megaspores, which will form an ovule that contains female gametophytes. Inside the anthers’ microsporangia, male gametophytes divide by meiosis to generate haploid microspores, which, in turn, undergo mitosis and give rise to pollen grains. Each pollen grain contains two cells: one generative cell that will divide into two sperm and a second cell that will become the pollen tube cell.
The ovule, sheltered within the ovary of the carpel, contains the megasporangium protected by two layers of integuments and the ovary wall. Within each megasporangium, a megasporocyte undergoes meiosis, generating four megaspores:
The mature embryo sac contains one egg cell, two synergids (“helper” cells), three antipodal cells, and two polar nuclei in a central cell. When a pollen grain reaches the stigma, a pollen tube extends from the grain, grows down the style, and enters through the micropyle, an opening in the integuments of the ovule. The two sperm cells are deposited in the embryo sac.
Some species of angiosperms are hermaphroditic (stamens and pistils are contained on a single flower), some species are monoecious (stamens and pistils occur on separate flowers, but the same plant), and some are dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers occur on separate plants). Both anatomical and environmental barriers promote cross-pollination mediated by a physical agent (wind or water) or an animal, such as an insect or bird. Cross-pollination increases genetic diversity in a species.
10 months ago
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