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Grade: 12

                        

All of the following statements concerning transcription and translation in eukaryotic cells is correct except A Transcription results in the production of mRNA, whereas translation results in the production of polypeptides. B Transcription results in the production of polypeptides, whereas translation results in the production of mRNA. C Transcription occurs in the nucleus, whereas translation occurs in the cytoplasm. D Transcription uses a nucleotide "language," whereas translation uses an amino acid "language". E Transcription uses DNA as a template, whereas translation uses mRNA as a template.

2 months ago

Answers : (2)

Vikas TU
13786 Points
							
Dear student 
Transcription is the process of RNA synthesis using DNA template strand which is carried out by RNA polymerase; any of two DNA strands can serve as a template. Translation is the process of synthesis of polypeptides by polymerization of amino acids on ribosomes using the mRNA triplets as a template. Translation occurs in the nucleus as DNA is present in the nucleus only whereas translation occurs on ribosomes present in the cytoplasm. Thus, the correct answer is option B.
2 months ago
ankit singh
askIITians Faculty
596 Points
							
ANSWER
Transcription is the process of RNA synthesis using DNA template strand which is carried out by RNA polymerase; any of two DNA strands can serve as a template. Translation is the process of synthesis of polypeptides by polymerization of amino acids on ribosomes using the mRNA triplets as a template. Translation occurs in the nucleus as DNA is present in the nucleus only whereas translation occurs on ribosomes present in the cytoplasm. Thus, the correct answer is option B.
2 months ago
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