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All of the following statements concerning transcription and translation in eukaryotic cells is correct except A Transcription results in the production of mRNA, whereas translation results in the production of polypeptides. B Transcription results in the production of polypeptides, whereas translation results in the production of mRNA. C Transcription occurs in the nucleus, whereas translation occurs in the cytoplasm. D Transcription uses a nucleotide "language," whereas translation uses an amino acid "language". E Transcription uses DNA as a template, whereas translation uses mRNA as a template.

All of the following statements concerning transcription and translation in eukaryotic cells is correct except

A

Transcription results in the production of mRNA, whereas translation results in the production of polypeptides.

B

Transcription results in the production of polypeptides, whereas translation results in the production of mRNA.

C

Transcription occurs in the nucleus, whereas translation occurs in the cytoplasm.

D

Transcription uses a nucleotide "language," whereas translation uses an amino acid "language".

E

Transcription uses DNA as a template, whereas translation uses mRNA as a template.

 

Grade:12

2 Answers

Vikas TU
14149 Points
10 months ago
Dear student 
Transcription is the process of RNA synthesis using DNA template strand which is carried out by RNA polymerase; any of two DNA strands can serve as a template. Translation is the process of synthesis of polypeptides by polymerization of amino acids on ribosomes using the mRNA triplets as a template. Translation occurs in the nucleus as DNA is present in the nucleus only whereas translation occurs on ribosomes present in the cytoplasm. Thus, the correct answer is option B.
ankit singh
askIITians Faculty 614 Points
10 months ago
ANSWER
Transcription is the process of RNA synthesis using DNA template strand which is carried out by RNA polymerase; any of two DNA strands can serve as a template. Translation is the process of synthesis of polypeptides by polymerization of amino acids on ribosomes using the mRNA triplets as a template. Translation occurs in the nucleus as DNA is present in the nucleus only whereas translation occurs on ribosomes present in the cytoplasm. Thus, the correct answer is option B.

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