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What is the difference between haploid and diploid???

What is the difference between haploid and diploid???

Grade:6

1 Answers

Kushal Chaudhari
102 Points
3 years ago
Diploid and Haploid are the terms very often used in Genetics in context of Genome, chromosomes.
 
Diploid: Diploid is that carrying two sets of chromosome in genome in nucleus.
               Ex: Human cells like skin, lung etc. are diploid that is they have two sets of chromosomes (23 from each parent) but Gemetic cells like egg and sperm are haploid.
 
Haploid: Haploid are the cells which contain a single set of chromosomes in genome (chromosomes). Ex: Gemetic cells etc.
 
 
 
 
Ploidy can be triploidy (3 sets), tetraploidy (4 sets), pentaploidy (5 sets) and hexaploidy (6 sets). Like comoom wheat species are hexaploid i.e. they have 5 sets of chromosome in their genomes.

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