what is antibiotics? what precaution must be taken while taking antibiotics?

what is antibiotics? what precaution must be taken while taking antibiotics?


2 Answers

Aabid Hussain
askIITians Faculty 576 Points
6 years ago

Antibiotics are the medicine which helps stop infection against bacteria. Only bacterial infection can be cured by antibiotics.
There are many different classes and subclasses of antibiotics, including:
Penicillins, such as Amoxil and Augmentin (amoxicillin) and Unasyn (ampicillin)
Cephalosporins, including cefdinir, Rocephin (ceftriaxone), and Keflex (cephalexin)
Fluoroquinolones ("quinolones"), like Levaquin (levofloxacin), Cipro (ciprofloxacin), and Avelox (moxifloxacin)
Macrolides, such as Zithromax or Z-pak (azithromycin); Ery-Tab, Akne-Mycin, E.E.S., Eryc, and Pediamycin (erythromycin); and Cleocin, Cleocin T, ClindaGel, and Clinda-Derm (clindamycin)
Tetracyclines, including tetracycline and Vibramycin (doxycycline)
Aminoglycosides, like amikacin; Genoptic and Gentak (gentamicin); Aktob, Bethkis, Kitabis Pak, Tobi, Tobi Podhaler, Tobradex, and Tobrex (tobramycin); and Neo-Fradin (neomycin)
Sulfonamides(sulfa drugs), such as Septra and Bactrim (sulfamethoxazole with trimethoprim).

Sinceallergiesto certain antibiotics like penicillins and sulfa drugs are common, it's always a good idea to find out what class or subclass your prescribed antibiotic is in.
Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, be sure to finish taking all of the antibiotics you were prescribed — even if you start to feel better.
This is extremely important to make sure the infection goes away completely.
If you fail to finish the entire course of therapy, the infection may still be present, and symptoms may return.
Then, if the infection comes back, it will most likely be worse and more difficult to treat.
It's also possible that the antibiotics your doctor originally prescribed may not work as well — or at all — because the bacteria may have become resistant to the original drug.
Siddharth Singh
100 Points
6 years ago
Antibiotics (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial[1] drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.[2][3] They may either kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. A limited number of antibiotics also possess antiprotozoal activity.[4][5] Antibiotics are not effective against viruses such as the common cold or influenza; drugs which inhibit viruses are termed antiviral drugs or antivirals rather than antibiotics.

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