 # A shopkeeper bought two phones for Rs. 8,000 each. After selling the phones, there was a loss of 4% on the 1st phone while a profit of 8% on the 2nd phone. Calculate the overall gain or loss per cent on the whole transaction. Harshit Singh
askIITians Faculty 5964 Points
one year ago
Dear Student

As the shopkeeper bought both phones at Rs. 8000 each.

Total cost price = Rs. 16,000

Assume that the cost price of the 1st phone is Rs. 100

Consider the deal of phone 1,

As it is given, there is 4% loss, the selling price will be = Rs. 96

For CP = 100, SP = 96

So, for CP = 1, SP = 96/100

Now, given, CP = 8000

Hence, SP = 96/100 × 8000 = 7680

so the selling price of 1st phone = Rs. 7680

Consider the deal of phone 2, there is an 8% profit.

Hence, the selling price will be = Rs. 108

For CP = 100, SP = 108

So, for CP = 1, SP = 108/100

Now, given CP = 8000

hence, SP = 108/100 × 8000 = 8640

Thus, the selling price of 2nd phone = Rs. 8640

Here, the total selling price will be = Rs. 7680 + Rs. 8640 = 16320

Now, it can be seen that,

Total selling price > total cost price i.e. Rs. 16320 > Rs. 16000

, there is a profit of Rs. (16320 – 16000) = Rs. 320

the overall profit percentage will be-

Profit% = (Profit/Total Cost Price) × 100 = (320/16000) × 100 = 2

Thus, there is a total of 2% profit for the whole transaction.

Thanks