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What is the similarity between gymnosperms and angiosperms? A Phloem of both have companion cells. B Endosperm is formed before fertilization in both. C Origin of ovule and seed is similar in both. D Both have leaves, stem and roots.

What is the similarity between gymnosperms and angiosperms?

A

Phloem of both have companion cells.

B

Endosperm is formed before fertilization in both.

C

Origin of ovule and seed is similar in both.

D

Both have leaves, stem and roots.

 

Grade:12

1 Answers

Adarsh Pal
askIITians Faculty 159 Points
one year ago
Companion cells are the thin-walled elongated cells which are the characteristic feature of phloem tissue in angiosperms. In gymnosperms and pteridophytes, phloem lacks companion cells.In gymnosperms, the endosperm is haploid (n) which is formed before fertilisation while in angiosperms, the endosperm is triploid (3n) which is formed after fertilisation. In angiosperms, one of the two male gametes which is haploid(n) fuses with the central cell in the ovule which is diploid(2n), to form primary endosperm nucleus which is triploid (3n) and forms triploid endosperm.In gymnosperms, ovule or megasporangium is present on the megasporophylls which aggregate together to form strobilus or cones. The ovule is naked and after fertilisation, the naked ovule develops into the seed and the seed coat is formed by the ovular integuments. While, in angiosperms, ovule is present inside the ovary present at the base of the pistil or carpel. Angiosperms do not have cones like gymnosperms, instead, they have flowers and the ovule is protected by the carpel which after fertilisation forms the seed. The similarity between angiosperms and gymnosperms is that both have leaves, stem and roots.So, the correct answer is D.

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