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What are the main constituents of Dettol?

What are the main constituents of Dettol?

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 9723 Points
20 days ago
Out of the 2 main constituents of Dettol, one of them is a disinfectant and antiseptic used which is used in skin disinfection and cleaning surgical equipment. The other constituent is an α− form of an alcohol which is found in natural oils such as petitgrain and pine oil. Complete step by step solution: - There are 2 main constituents of Dettol. They are – 1) Chloroxylenol and 2) α− terpineol. - Chloroxylenol is the main constituent in Dettol. It makes up about 4.8 % of the total mixture of Dettol. It is commonly used as a disinfectant and antiseptic. - α− terpineol is the other main constituent of Dettol. It is a terpene alcohol which is found in natural oils (petitgrain and pine oil). - The minor constituents include isopropanol, castor oil, soap and water. - Dettol acts as an antiseptic when we add Dettol and water in the ratio of 1:20. That is, we can prepare an antiseptic liquid to cleanse affected areas by adding 50 ml of Dettol in 1L water. - Dettol can also be used as a disinfectant. This is when we add Dettol and water in the ratio of 1:40 to 1:20. That is, by adding 25-50 ml Dettol in 1 L water. Additional Information: - Dettol is an antiseptic disinfectant. It has many uses. - Dettol cleanses our skin and also protects our skin against infection from minor scratches or cuts in skin, insect bites etc. - Dettol is also used as a household disinfectant. It is used to clean surfaces and it is also added to the laundry rinse cycle. Note: -If the question is about the main constituent, instead of main constituents, the answer will be chloroxylenol. This is because it makes up about 4.8 % of the total mixture of Dettol.

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