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Two Important Properties of Carbon c arbons Compounds based on the basis of structure

Two Important Properties of Carbon

c
arbons Compounds based on the basis of structure
Grade:10

3 Answers

Saurabh Koranglekar
askIITians Faculty 10341 Points
one year ago
Vikas TU
14149 Points
one year ago
Dear  student 
Carbon has several allotropes, or different forms in which it can exist. These allotropes include graphite and diamond, which have very different properties.
Despite carbon’s ability to make 4 bonds and its presence in many compounds, it is highly unreactive under normal conditions.
Carbon exists in 3 main isotopes: 12C, 13C, 14C. 14C is radioactive and used in dating carbon-containing samples (radiometric dating).
Arun
25763 Points
one year ago

The physical properties of this element vary according to its allotropes. The two major allotropes are diamond and graphite. These two have almost opposing physical properties.

  • Whereas diamond is transparent and has no colour, graphite is opaque and black
  • Diamond is the hardest substance known to man, graphite is soft and spongy in texture
  • Now diamond cannot conduct electricity at all, graphite is a very good conductor of electricity
  • Both allotropic elements are solid, non-gaseous
  • Also both diamond and graphite are insoluble in water
  • It does not melt when heated, it sublimes which is it turns to gaseous forms 

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