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In a dry cell, what acts as a negative electrode? A. Zinc B. Graphite C. Ammonium chloride D. Manganese dioxide

In a dry cell, what acts as a negative electrode?
A. Zinc
B. Graphite
C. Ammonium chloride
D. Manganese dioxide

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 24165 Points
2 months ago
The dry cell is also called Leclanche cell and comes under the category of primary cell as it is not rechargeable. The negative electrode is a metal which is principally used in the galvanization of iron. Complete step by step answer: First, let us discuss the dry cell, it consists of two types i.e. primary cell, and secondary cell. The zinc-carbon cell is considered to be an example of a primary cell. If we talk about the primary cells, that are neither reusable, nor it can be recharged. When there is completion of chemical reactions, it will not produce electricity again. Talking about the zinc-carbon primary cell, it is a kind of metal container having the metal electrode covered by electrolyte paste. The zinc-carbon cell, as mentioned, consists of a zinc electrode, and a carbon rod. Thus, we can say a metal container has two electrodes, one acts as anode, and another as cathode. The diagrammatic representation is shown below- The zinc electrode will act as an anode, as it undergoes oxidation reaction; whereas inert carbon rod acts as cathode, or we can say positive electrode. Further talking about the metal container, there is presence of manganese dioxide, as it surrounds the electrode, which is called electrolyte paste and it has low moisture. ammonium chloride is also considered as electrolyte paste. Thus, in the last we can conclude that in the dry cell, zinc acts as a negative electrode, or anode. Hence, the correct option is (A). Note: Another modified example of dry-cell is the alkaline battery. It is almost the same to the zinc-carbon batteries except with the fact that the electrolyte used is KOH (potassium hydroxide) instead of ammonium chloride. The potential of the dry cell reaction is 1.5V.

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