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How is the sex of the child determined in human beings? Sex determination in humans

How is the sex of the child determined in human beings? Sex determination in humans

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 9723 Points
10 months ago
The females carry two X-chromosomes. Females produce one type of gametes (eggs) with same type of chromosomes (22 + X). Males have one X and one Y- chromosome. Among the male gametes, half of the sperms carry X-chromosome (22 X) and half carry Y-chromosome (22 + Y). Thus, female is homogametic and male is heterogametic. When a sperm carrying X- chromosome fertilises an egg, the zygote develops into female (XX condition). When sperm carrying Y-chromosome fertilises an egg, the zygote develops into a male (XY condition). Thus, sex is determined at the time of fertilisation.

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