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How is the amount of urine produced regulated ?

How is the amount of urine produced regulated ?

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 6228 Points
2 months ago
The amount of urine is regulated by kidney. It depends on the quantity of excess water and wastes dissolved in water. (i) Quantity of water : When water is abundant in the body tissues, large quantities of dilute urine is excreted out. When water is less in quantity in the body tissues, a small quantity of concentrate urine is excreted. (ii) Quantity of dissolved wastes : Dissolved wastes, especially nitrogenous wastes, like urea and uric acid and salts are excreted from the body. When there is more quantity of dissolved wastes in the body, more quantity of water is required to excrete them. Therefore, the amount of urine produced increases. (iii) Hormones : The amount of urine produced is also regulated by certain hormones which control the movement of water and Na+ ions in and out of the nephrons.

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