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What do you mean by “Hind Swaraj”? A- Political Party of Tilak B- Book of Mahatma Gandhi C- Symbol of Indian National Congress D- Political Party of Mahatma Gandhi

What do you mean by “Hind Swaraj”?
A- Political Party of Tilak
B- Book of Mahatma Gandhi
C- Symbol of Indian National Congress
D- Political Party of Mahatma Gandhi

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 9723 Points
20 days ago
Hint The translation of Hind Swaraj is "Self-rule in India." It was the vision of the independence-struggle era of a very renowned political figure. Complete answer: HIND SWARAJ, the title of Mahatma Gandhi's first definitive writing, and which even now continues to elicit critical interest around the world, literally means 'self-rule in India.' In November 1909, during Gandhi's return trip from England to South Africa after an abortive mission, this small book of about 30,000 words was written in Gujarati on board the ship within 10 days, 40 of the 275 pages being written with the left hand. As Gandhi himself stated: "For my dear friend Dr Pranjivan Mehta, I wrote the entire Hind Swaraj. All the arguments in the book are reproduced almost as it happened with him." It was published in Natal in the Indian Opinion and was soon banned in India by the Government because it contained "matter declared to be seditious." In order to demonstrate the harmless essence of its material, Gandhi published an English translation from Natal. On 21 December 1938, the ban was officially lifted. A number of editions were subsequently published, the most famous being that published in India in 1938 by the Navjivan press with the title 'Hind Swaraj: The Indian Home Rule'. Chicago published an American edition called 'Sermon on the Sea' (Intro. by John Haynes Holmes) in 1924. A Reader on it was recently published in 1997 by Professor Anthony J. Parel of the University of Calgary (Canada) under the 'Cambridge Texts in Modem politics'. Therefore the correct answer is B Note There are 20 chapters and 2 appendices to the book. For further reading, Appendix I mentions twenty references, including six from Tolstoy, two from Thoreau, two from Ruskin, one from Plato (Defence and Death of Socrates), and one from Mazzini (Duties of Man), and one each from Dadabhai Navroji, and R. C. Dutt on colonial India's economic situation.

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