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Find the circumcenter and circumradius of the triangle whose vertices are (1, 1), (2, -1), and (3, 2)

Find the circumcenter and circumradius of the triangle whose vertices are (1, 1), (2, -1), and (3, 2)

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 9723 Points
21 days ago
Now to solve this equation we will use the property of a circle that the distance between any point on the circle and the center is constant. Now we know that the vertices of a triangle lie on the circumcircle of the triangle. Hence we will assume the circumcenter to be (x, y). Then by distance formula, we will take Distance to point (1, 1), (3, 2) and (2, -1). Now all these distances are equal since they are nothing but the radius of the circumcircle. Hence we will get two equations, we will solve these equations simultaneously to find x and y. Once we have a circumcenter we will find circumradius by calculating the distance of this point and any vertex of the triangle. Complete step by step answer: Now we are given that the vertices of triangle are (1, 1), (2, -1) and (3, 2) Let us say A = (1, 1), B = (2, -1) and C = (3, 2). Now let O = (x, y) be the circumcenter of the triangle. Now we can say that since O is circumcenter, OA = OB = OC = r. Now Let us first calculate distance OA We know that distance between two points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) is given by (x2−x1)2+(y2−y1)2−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−√ ⇒r=(x−1)2+(y−1)2−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−√∴r2=(x−1)2+(y−1)2 Now using (a−b)2=a2+b2−2ab we get r2=x2+1−2x+y2+1−2y...........(1) Now Let us calculate distance OB. We know that distance between two points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) is given by (x2−x1)2+(y2−y1)2−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−√ ⇒r=(x−2)2+(y−(−1))2−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−√∴r2=(x−2)2+(y+1)2 Now using (a−b)2=a2+b2−2ab and (a+b)2=a2+b2+2ab we get r2=x2+4−4x+y2+1+2y...........(2) And finally we calculate distance OC. We know that distance between two points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) is given by (x2−x1)2+(y2−y1)2−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−√ ⇒r=(x−3)2+(y−2)2−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−√∴r2=(x−3)2+(y−2)2 Now using (a−b)2=a2+b2−2ab we get r2=x2+9−6x+y2+4−4y...........(3) Now equating equation (1) and equation (2) we get x2+1−2x+y2+1−2y=x2+4−4x+y2+1+2y⇒1−2x+1−2y=4−4x+2y+1⇒2−2x−2y=5−4x+2y⇒4x−2x−2y−2y=5−2∴2x−4y=3.......................................(4) And again equating equation (1) and equation (3) we get. x2+1−2x+y2+1−2y=x2+9−6x+y2+4−4y⇒1−2x+1−2y=9−6x+4−4y⇒6x−2x+4y−2y=9+4−1−1∴4x+2y=11......................................(5) Now multiplying equation (5) by 2 and adding the equation to equation (1) we get 8x+4y+2x−4y=22+3⇒10x=25∴x=2.5 Now substituting x = 2.5 in equation (4) we get. 2(2.5)−4y=3⇒5−3=4y⇒4y=2⇒y=12=0.5∴y=0.5 Hence we have x = 2.5 and y = 0.5. Hence we get the coordinates of circumcenter is (2.5, 0.5) Now we just need to find the circumradius. Circumradius is nothing but the distance between circumcenter and any vertex. Let us take this vertex as A = (1, 1) for solving Then we know that distance between two points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) is given by (x2−x1)2+(y2−y1)2−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−√ ⇒r=(2.5−1)2+(0.5−1)2−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−√⇒r=(1.5)2+(−0.5)2−−−−−−−−−−−−−√⇒r=2.25+0.25−−−−−−−−−√⇒r=2.50−−−−√⇒r=250100−−−−√=510−−√10∴r=10−−√2 Hence we have circumcenter = (2.5, 0.5) and radius r = 10−−√2 . Note: Note that we can solve this problem by first calculating the distance AB, BC, and AC. Now we can see that the sides satisfy Pythagoras theorem and hence ABC is a right angle triangle. Now we know the circumcenter of the right-angle triangle is nothing but the midpoint of the hypotenuse. Hence we can find the circumcenter by midpoint formula.

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