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Fill in the blanks: (i) The average weather taken over a long time is called ………………….... (ii) A place receives very little rainfall and the temperature is high throughout the year, the climate of that place will be ……………………. and ……………………….. (iii) The two regions of the earth with extreme climatic conditions are …………………. and ………………………..

Fill in the blanks: (i) The average weather taken over a long time is called …………………....
(ii) A place receives very little rainfall and the temperature is high throughout the year, the climate of that place will be ……………………. and ………………………..
(iii) The two regions of the earth with extreme climatic conditions are …………………. and ………………………..

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 9723 Points
10 days ago
The weather of a place refers to the day-to-day circumstances of the atmosphere at that location in terms of elements such as humidity, temperature, wind speed, rainfall, and so on. Cloudy, sunny, wet, stormy, or clear weather are all possibilities. It is a natural occurrence that keeps the atmosphere in a state of equilibrium. The weather is documented by meteorologists every day, and these data are kept for decades. With the use of these records, the weather pattern can be determined. The climate of a location is defined as the average weather pattern over a lengthy period of time. Complete answer: (i) The average weather taken over a long time is called climate. Weather refers to short-term changes in the atmosphere, while climate refers to the weather in a certain place over a long period of time. The weather in a location refers to the day-to-day state of the atmosphere in terms of temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind speed, and other factors. The climate of a location is defined as the average weather pattern over a lengthy period of time. (ii) A place receives very little rainfall and the temperature is high throughout the year, the climate of that place will be hot and dry. Changes in rainfall and other kinds of precipitation will be one of the most important determinants of climate change's overall impact. A warmer atmosphere can store more moisture, and water vapour increases by every 7% for every degree centigrade that the temperature rises. (iii) The two regions of the earth with extreme climatic conditions are the polar region and the desert. Extreme weather is usually associated with the interior. Summers in the interior are typically short and hot, with long and cold winters. The Plains of the Interior's usual climate is quite complicated, and the local weather is harsh. The average weather is extremely odd, with long winters and short, moderate summers in the north. Summers in the south are long and hot, and winters are cold, but there is inevitably very little precipitation. Note: Instruments for Measuring Weather Components: 1. Thermometers are used to determine the temperature of a location. The Maximum Minimum Thermometer is used to determine a location's maximum and lowest temperature (MMT). 2. The rain gauge is used to calculate the amount of rain that has fallen. Omreometer or Puliometer are other names for the rain gauge. Millimetres or centimetres are the units of measurement. 3. An anemometer is a device that measures the wind's speed and direction. 4. The quantity of moisture in the air is known as humidity, and it is measured with a hygrometer.

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