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A person is talking in a small room and the sound intensity level is 60 dB everywhere in the room. If eight people are talking simultaneously in the room, what is the sound intensity level? A. 60 dB B. 69 dB C. 74 dB D. 81 Db

A person is talking in a small room and the sound intensity level is 60 dB everywhere in the room. If eight people are talking simultaneously in the room, what is the sound intensity level?
A. 60 dB
B. 69 dB
C. 74 dB
D. 81 Db

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 9723 Points
20 days ago
Hint: First find the intensity of the eight person and then use the formula of finding the change in the intensity level, which helps in finding the required result. ⇒B2−B1=10log(I8I) Complete step by step solution: Let B1andB2is the initial intensity when 1 person is talking and intensity after 8 persons talking simultaneously respectively. It is given that the person is talking in a small room and the sound intensity level(B1) is 60 dB everywhere in the room. Let I be the initial intensity due to 1 person, Therefore, the intensity due to 8 persons(I8) =8I Change in the sound intensity level is given using the formula: ⇒B2−B1=10log(I8I) Substitute 60 as the value ofB1, 8I as the value of I8 in the above formula: ⇒B2−60=10log(8II) ⇒B2−60=10log(8) 8 can also expressed as23 : ⇒B2−60=10log(23) ⇒B2−60=10log(23) We know that: log(ab)=bloga After applying the above relation, we have ⇒B2−60=10×3log2 The value of log2≈0.3, so ⇒B2−60=10×3×0.3 ⇒B2−60=10×0.9 ⇒B2−60=9 ⇒B2=9+60 ⇒B2=69 dB We have found the value of the B2=69dB. It means that, when 8 people are talking simultaneously in a small room, then the intensity level is 69dB everywhere in the room. Therefore, the option (B) is correct. Note: Remember that if the initial intensity of one person is I, then the intensity of eight persons is eight times the intensity of one person. That is, the intensity of eight-person is 8I.

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