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Question: 1 The arrangement of Xions around A+ ion in solid AX is given in the figure (not drawn to scale). If the radius of Xis 250 pm, the radius of A+ is (IIT JEE 2013)

                                                

1. 104 pm

2. 125 pm

3. 183 pm

d. 57 pm

Answer: a

Solution:

A+ is present in the octahedral void of X-.

For octahedral Void

r+/r- = 0.414

or

r+ = 0.414 r- = 0.414 × 250 pm ≈104 pm

Hence, the correct option is a.

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Question:2 A compound MpXq has cubic close packing (ccp) arrangement of X. Its unit cell structure is shown below.(IIT JEE-2012)

                                                  

The empirical formula of the compound is

1. MX

2. MX2

3. M2X

4. M5X14

Answer: b

Solution:

X- ions are present at the corners and  face centers:

Number of x- ions per lattice = 1/8(Number of ions present at corners of cube) + ½(Number of ions present at face centers) = 1/8(8) + ½(6) = 4

M+ ions are present at the four edge centers and at body center. corners and on face centers:

Number of M+ ions per lattice = 1/4(Number of ions present at edge centers of cube) + (Number of ions present at body center) = 1/4(4) + 1 = 2

Now: X: M = 4:2 = 2:1

So, the formula should be MX2

Hence, the correct option is b.

Question:3 The packing efficiency of the two-dimensional square unit cell shown below is   (IIT JEE-2010)       
                                                          

1) 39.27%                                               

2) 68.02%

3) 74.05%

4) 78.54%

Answer: D

Solution:
                                                         

Total number of the atoms per unit cell = ¼(4) +1 = 2

Let, Radious of the atom = r

SR = QR =PQ = SP =L

&

QS = 4r

Now, in triangle SRP,

SR2 + QR2 =SQ2

Or

L2+L2 =(4r)2

r = L/(2√2 )

Or

Packing Efficiency = [(2× Volume of one atom)/(Total volume of the unit cell)]×100

=100 × {2π[L/(2√2 )]2 }/L2

= (π/8 )×100 = 78.54%

Hence, the correct option is D.

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