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J Ravi Kiran Grade: 11
        

Isotopes of oxygen with mass number less than 16 undergo beta plus emission.  Assuming an equi molar mixture of O14 and O15, find a) the ratio of nucleide at the end of 1 Hr and b) at what time will the ratio of O14  nuclei to O15 nuclei be equal to 0.25.?  Given that t1/2 for O14=71sec and t1/2 for O15= 124 sec.

8 years ago

Answers : (1)

askiitian.expert- chandra sekhar
10 Points
										

Hi Kiran,


O14 ----> N14         λ1


O15-----> N15         λ2


λ1=0.693/71=0.00976


λ2=0.693/124=0.00589


[A]01=[A]02


λ1* t=ln{ [A]01/[A]t1}----1


λ2* t=ln{ [A]02/[A]t2}-----2


After 1 hr=60*60 sec


a)from 1 and 2 :  eλ1*t/eλ2*t=[A]t2/[A]t1=e(λ1-λ2)*t=e0.00387*60*60=e13.932


b)[A]t2/[A]t1=e(λ1-λ2)*t=e0.00387*t=1/0.25


   0.00387*t = ln 4=2.303*2*0.3010 =1.386


   t= 1.386/0.00387 =358.14 sec



8 years ago
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