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Sources of Organic Compounds

7 years ago

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There are two major sources of organic compounds.


1) Natural Sources


2) Synthetic


Natural Sources


a) Plants:- carbohydrates (Glucose, sucrose, starch, cellulose), acids, esters, vegetable oils, vitamins, gums, alkaloids, essential oils, perfumes, alcohol, acetone, etc., are some of the important organic compounds which are obtained from plants.


b) Animals: - some of the important organic compounds, which are derived from animals, are proteins, hormones, fats and urea.


c) Fungi and micro organism: - this is the source responsible for the production of hosts of useful substances like alcohols, acids, antibiotics (penicillin, streptomycin, and tetracycline) and vitamins by using the process of fermentation.


d) Coal: - Coal-tar obtained during destructive distillation of coal is the main source of aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, heterocyclic compounds, dyes, drugs, perfumes, etc.


e) Natural gas and petroleum:- it is one of the major source of organic compounds. Gasolines, kerosene oil, lubricating oil, Vaseline, paraffin wax, etc., are few examples which are obtained directly from petroleum by fractional distillation. Hundreds of useful organic compounds are prepared from the wide range of hydrocarbons which serve starting materials for the synthetic reactions.


Synthetic Sources: - More than 90% of the known organic compounds are synthetic, i.e., prepared by artificial methods. Simple organic compounds derived from petroleum and coal has been converted into useful products by synthetic methods. Now-a-days, many of the natural products such as dyes, fibers, rubber, drugs, vitamins, etc., are prepared by synthetic reactions.

7 years ago

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Cae­sium atomic number
 
 
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RAKESH CHINDAM 8 months ago
 
55
 
KARTHIK 7 months ago
 
55
 
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Dear Kumar The answer for your question is ESTERS All the best for your bright future….….….….….….….….….….….….
 
Prabhakar ch 3 months ago
 
Hi kumar, Aliphatic carboxylic acids are isomeric with esters..................................................
 
Gowri sankar 3 months ago
 
hello kumar the answer of your question is esters.... it is good question keep it up and ask the questions when you have doubt.
 
ULFAT one month ago
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dear mr dileep cci4 is not hydrolyse due to absence of d orbitals all the best for your bright feature.vhdgdgrsdfhbdsgxcfg
 
SIVAGIRI GURAVAIAH 3 months ago
 
hai dileep CCl4 is insoluable in water due to absence of d orbitals in carbon atom.Reamining are soluabule in watercci4 is not hydrolyse due to absence of d orbitals all the best for your...
 
raj kumar 3 months ago
 
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