Sources of Organic Compounds

5 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

                                        












There are two major sources of organic compounds.


1) Natural Sources


2) Synthetic


Natural Sources


a) Plants:- carbohydrates (Glucose, sucrose, starch, cellulose), acids, esters, vegetable oils, vitamins, gums, alkaloids, essential oils, perfumes, alcohol, acetone, etc., are some of the important organic compounds which are obtained from plants.


b) Animals: - some of the important organic compounds, which are derived from animals, are proteins, hormones, fats and urea.


c) Fungi and micro organism: - this is the source responsible for the production of hosts of useful substances like alcohols, acids, antibiotics (penicillin, streptomycin, and tetracycline) and vitamins by using the process of fermentation.


d) Coal: - Coal-tar obtained during destructive distillation of coal is the main source of aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, heterocyclic compounds, dyes, drugs, perfumes, etc.


e) Natural gas and petroleum:- it is one of the major source of organic compounds. Gasolines, kerosene oil, lubricating oil, Vaseline, paraffin wax, etc., are few examples which are obtained directly from petroleum by fractional distillation. Hundreds of useful organic compounds are prepared from the wide range of hydrocarbons which serve starting materials for the synthetic reactions.


Synthetic Sources: - More than 90% of the known organic compounds are synthetic, i.e., prepared by artificial methods. Simple organic compounds derived from petroleum and coal has been converted into useful products by synthetic methods. Now-a-days, many of the natural products such as dyes, fibers, rubber, drugs, vitamins, etc., are prepared by synthetic reactions.

5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
WHAT IS ORTHA PARA ACTIVATING GROUPS
 
 
The substituents or groups which direct the incoming group to ortho and para positions are called ortho and para directiong groups.For ex- -CH3,-C2H5,-OH,-Br,-NH2,-OCH3 etc. For example...
  img
Aarti Gupta 2 days ago
how to prepare for organic tests effectively!!?? pls suggest a method
 
 
Organic compounds unlike the inorganic ones cannot be identifeid by testing the ions as they do not give ions in the solution because of having colvalent linkages in them.Organic compounds...
  img
Aarti Gupta 21 days ago
what is mean by a indicator in titration?
 
 
Titration is the process of determining the volumes of reagents(or solutions),required for the just completion of a reaction.The point at which the reaction is just completed is called the...
  img
Aarti Gupta 4 months ago
 
While performing a titration, we slowly add one solution of a known concentration to another known volume but without knowing concentration. This process of adding titrant to another...
  img
Vasantha Kumari 4 months ago
 
Indicator is a substance that changes the color of a solution in order to detect the presence of certain ions in it. It can also be used to indicate the presence of completion of a reaction...
  img
Ruchi Shaw 4 months ago
View all Questions »