Sources of Organic Compounds

5 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

                                        












There are two major sources of organic compounds.


1) Natural Sources


2) Synthetic


Natural Sources


a) Plants:- carbohydrates (Glucose, sucrose, starch, cellulose), acids, esters, vegetable oils, vitamins, gums, alkaloids, essential oils, perfumes, alcohol, acetone, etc., are some of the important organic compounds which are obtained from plants.


b) Animals: - some of the important organic compounds, which are derived from animals, are proteins, hormones, fats and urea.


c) Fungi and micro organism: - this is the source responsible for the production of hosts of useful substances like alcohols, acids, antibiotics (penicillin, streptomycin, and tetracycline) and vitamins by using the process of fermentation.


d) Coal: - Coal-tar obtained during destructive distillation of coal is the main source of aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, heterocyclic compounds, dyes, drugs, perfumes, etc.


e) Natural gas and petroleum:- it is one of the major source of organic compounds. Gasolines, kerosene oil, lubricating oil, Vaseline, paraffin wax, etc., are few examples which are obtained directly from petroleum by fractional distillation. Hundreds of useful organic compounds are prepared from the wide range of hydrocarbons which serve starting materials for the synthetic reactions.


Synthetic Sources: - More than 90% of the known organic compounds are synthetic, i.e., prepared by artificial methods. Simple organic compounds derived from petroleum and coal has been converted into useful products by synthetic methods. Now-a-days, many of the natural products such as dyes, fibers, rubber, drugs, vitamins, etc., are prepared by synthetic reactions.

5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
W allylic and benzylic carbanions are said to have sp2 hybridsation?why?
 
 
Allylic and benzylic cabanions are said to have sp2 hybridization because they lone pairs present on carbon involve in delocalization(Resonance). However delocalization is effective if it...
  img
Ramreddy 3 months ago
Q . WHICH IS THE DECREASING ORDER OF STABILITY OF THE IONS? (2)>(3)>(1) (1)>(2)>(3) (1)>(3)>(2) (3)>(1)>(2)
 
 
i am also getting the answer as (A) but the correct option is (C) in this case
 
bharat makkar 2 months ago
 
i think answer is c only because the carbocation there is stabilised by the lone pair of oxygen by backbonding and in second case there is deactivation by oxygen resulting highly unstablised...
 
daksh 2 months ago
 
oops sorry! dint see ur attachment...............ya even i think the answer is (a) in second one there is a chance of tautomerism and the third one is stabilized by the +Ieffect of alkyl...
 
Rakesh 2 months ago
State detail about aqua fortis.
 
 
Aqua fortis is nitric acid (HNO3).It is highly corrosive in nature so the solution was used in for dissolving silver and most other metals with the notable exception of gold, which can be...
  img
Aarti Gupta one month ago
a substance freezes when vapour pressure of its liquid phase equals vapour pressure of its solid phase these are lines from ncert what is the meaning of vapour pressure of solid and why does...
 
 
orce exerted by the gas or vapor released by a liquid or solid substance in a closed container or space. Vapor pressure is a relative measure of the tendency to evaporate (volatility),...
  img
Harishwar 3 months ago
 
but how can solid can have vapour pressure e.g; ice first melts to form liquid then the liquid and vapour comes to equilibrium which exerts pressure. how can solid directly go to vapour in...
 
rohan 3 months ago
CsCl crystallises in a cube cell that has a Cl- at each corner and Cs+ at the centre of the unit cell.If radius of Cs+ is 1.69 A and rCl- =1.81 A.What is the edge length of unit cell.?
 
 
CsCl is BCC structure. so in BCC structure atoms touch along the body diagonal, which implies that 2(r Cs + + r Cl- )= you can calculate the value of a from above equation....
  img
Ramreddy 2 months ago
 
sir the ans by dis method is coming wrong.ans is 4.04 A.
 
Shriya Mehrotra 2 months ago
View all Questions »