Sources of Organic Compounds

5 years ago


Answers : (1)


There are two major sources of organic compounds.

1) Natural Sources

2) Synthetic

Natural Sources

a) Plants:- carbohydrates (Glucose, sucrose, starch, cellulose), acids, esters, vegetable oils, vitamins, gums, alkaloids, essential oils, perfumes, alcohol, acetone, etc., are some of the important organic compounds which are obtained from plants.

b) Animals: - some of the important organic compounds, which are derived from animals, are proteins, hormones, fats and urea.

c) Fungi and micro organism: - this is the source responsible for the production of hosts of useful substances like alcohols, acids, antibiotics (penicillin, streptomycin, and tetracycline) and vitamins by using the process of fermentation.

d) Coal: - Coal-tar obtained during destructive distillation of coal is the main source of aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, heterocyclic compounds, dyes, drugs, perfumes, etc.

e) Natural gas and petroleum:- it is one of the major source of organic compounds. Gasolines, kerosene oil, lubricating oil, Vaseline, paraffin wax, etc., are few examples which are obtained directly from petroleum by fractional distillation. Hundreds of useful organic compounds are prepared from the wide range of hydrocarbons which serve starting materials for the synthetic reactions.

Synthetic Sources: - More than 90% of the known organic compounds are synthetic, i.e., prepared by artificial methods. Simple organic compounds derived from petroleum and coal has been converted into useful products by synthetic methods. Now-a-days, many of the natural products such as dyes, fibers, rubber, drugs, vitamins, etc., are prepared by synthetic reactions.

5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
What is mesomeric effect? +M and -M?
What is a mesomeric effect? "Mesomeric effect" is just a synonym for "resonance effect". If electron density at a particular point in a molecule is higher or lower than what you'd expect...
Rinkoo Gupta 2 months ago
Mesomeric effect or Resonance effect is defined as the ‘polarity produced in the molecule by the interaction of two p-bonds or between a p-bond and lone pair of electrons present on an...
Indu 2 months ago
So practically there is no difference in mesomeric effect and resonance?
Drake 2 months ago
What is norborene?
Dear student, Norbornene is a bridged cyclic hydrocarbon. It is a white solid and has a pungent sour odor. The molecule consists of a cyclohexene ring with a methylene bridge existing...
Sumit Majumdar 4 days ago
How to conform amines in organic analysis?
Carbylamine test for amino group: Take small amount of the substance,add 2-3 drops each of alcohol chloroform and 2ml of NaOH OR KOH solution.Shake and heat gently.A highly bad smelling...
Aarti Gupta 3 months ago
Carbylamine test for amino group: Take small amount of the substance,add 2-3 drops each of alcohol chloroform and 2ml of NaOH OR KOH solution.Shake and heat gently.A highly bad smelling...
BAYANA SAGAR 3 months ago
small amount of organic compound taken in a test tube kept in ice. Take another test tube add small amount of dil.HCl + NaNO2 is added. Finally this reaction mixture is poured into the above...
kunasi Ramesh 3 months ago
If a peice of iron gains 10% of its weight due to partial rusting into Fe2O3 the percentage of total iron that has rusted is 23 13 23.3 25.67
4Fe + 3O2----2Fe2O3 let the weight of fe conveerted to fe2o3 be x gm initian total weight be 100gm now weight gain=110gm mole of fe conveerted to fe2o3=4x/56 mole of fe2o3=x/56*2 weight of...
Sunil Kumar FP 2 days ago
i need any tips to memorize inorganic chemistry
Hello Student. You have asked a very important question. But the answer is , There is no need to memorize it. You should try to understand the concepts of inorganic chemistry. It is not...
sumit kumar 18 days ago
Give the difference between peroxide and dioxide.
The bonds oxygen forms. In both chemicals, there are a pair of Oxygens; however peroxides have the pair of Oxygens directly connected to each other by a single bond. Dioxides have the...
ruchi yadav 4 months ago
In terms of ionic compounds an oxide contain the oxide ion (O2-) Which is a single oxygen atom with a 2- charge. A peroxide contains the peroxide ion (O 22-) which is a particle of two...
jogiraju 4 months ago
View all Questions »