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sources of organic compounds and its uses

6 years ago

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Answers : (1)

										

The simplest organic compounds are hydrocarbons. All organic compounds can be derived from hydrocarbons by substituting a hydrogen atom with a suitable functional group. Replacing a hydrogen atom by a OH group in a hydrocarbon, gives an alcohol: replacement of H atom in a hydrocarbon by COOH group gives in a hydrocarbon carboxylic acid, and so on.


USES :


Lower alkenes are used as fuel and illuminant. These may be obtained by the cracking of kerosene or petrol.


Alkynes are generally used as the starting materials for the manufacture of a large number of organic compounds of industrial importance such as, chloroprene, vinyl chloride etc.


Benzene is used as a starting material for dyes, drugs, perfumes and explosives and polymers


Petrol and petrochemicals :


Sources of Hydrocarbons
     Until the early years of the nineteenth century, only the plants and animals were the known sources of organic compounds. With the advent of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, fossil fuels like coal and petroleum gained prominence as the sources of organic compounds, particularly hydrocarbons. Today, hydrocarbons are mostly obtained from petroleum. In recent years coal has started gaining prominence, probably due to the uncertain conditions in the world oil market.


Synehtetic Petrol :The petrol obtained artificially from coal as a mixture of alkanes resembling petroleum like aliphatic hydrocarbon fuels is called synthetic petrol. Two important methods for producing synthetic petrol are the Fischer-Tropsch process and the Bergius process. These processes were developed in Germany during World War II, when its petroleum supplies were cut off. Germany produced considerable amounts of fuel from coal by the above processes during that period.


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regards


Ramesh



6 years ago

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Tita­nium molecular weight
 
 
47.86 Tita­nium molecular weight
 
RAKESH CHINDAM 8 months ago
 
47.867 u ± 0.001 u
 
Gavvala Ganesh 8 months ago
 
47.86
 
KUNCHAM SAMPATH 8 months ago
What space lattice? and explain it?
 
 
Gowri Sankar, Space lattice is a regular.indeffinetly repeated array of points in three dimensions in which the points lie at the intersections of three sets of parallel equidistant planes.
 
SAI SARDAR 4 months ago
 
Dear Gowri Shankar The position crystals and ions , molecules in a crystal is called space lattice.. these denoted by space is space lattice. All the best for your bright future
 
Prabhakar ch 4 months ago
 
Gowri Sankar, Space lattice is a regular.indeffinetly repeated array of points in three dimensions in which the points lie at the intersections of three sets of parallel equidistant planes .
 
SAI SANDY 4 months ago
what is the calorific value of producer gas?
 
 
5439.2kJ/m^3
 
sathish b 8 months ago
 
5439.2KJ/m^3
 
RAKESH CHINDAM 8 months ago
 
5439.2kJm^-3
 
KUNCHAM SAMPATH 8 months ago
20 g of impure NaCl solution is added to aqueous solution having excess AgNO3. AgCl precipitation is obtained with mass 28.7g. find % purity of NaCl.
 
 
sory corect answer is 58.5 you can approach it by writting the balance chemical eqn {1 mol agcl will be produced by one mol of nacl} so 28.7g of agcl ie;0.2 mol will be produced by 0.2 mol...
 
abhishek kumar 9 months ago
 
as 0.2 moles of agcl is produced it means Chlorine obtained from nacl was also 0.2 moles. this implies 0.2 moles of nacl were present in the impure solution. molesXatomic weight(nacl)= MASS ...
 
akash 9 months ago
 
ya thanks, but the answer i have is 58.8%. so if anyone can provide a reason for this answer, i'll be really thankful. still thank you Mr. Akash
 
vindhya 9 months ago
what is rate of reaction?
 
 
Rate of reactions is besically the speed or the rate in which the reactant are getting converted into products , it depend upon multiple factors like temp, density , pressure etc, HOPE IT...
 
Umakant biswal 4 months ago
 
The reaction rate ( rate of reaction ) or speed of reaction for a reactant or product in a particular reaction is intuitively defined as how fast or slow a reaction takes place.
 
SHANMUKESHWAR 7 months ago
 
The Reaction Rate for a given chemical reaction is the measure of the change in concentration of the reactants or the change in concentration of the products per unit time.
 
SAI SARDAR 7 months ago
Deacon’s process is used for the manufacturing
 
 
The Deacon process is a process used during the manufacture of alkalis
 
sanjay 8 months ago
 
The Deacon process is a process used during the manufacture of alkalis (the initial end product was sodium carbonate ) by the Leblanc process . Hydrogen chloride gas was converted to...
 
L GOUSE BASHA 6 months ago
 
The Deacon process is a process used during the manufacture of alkalis (the initial end product was sodium carbonate) by the Leblanc process. Hydrogen ...
 
SHANMUKESHWAR 8 months ago
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