Total Price:

There are no items in this cart.
Continue Shopping

sources of organic compounds and its uses

5 years ago


Answers : (1)


The simplest organic compounds are hydrocarbons. All organic compounds can be derived from hydrocarbons by substituting a hydrogen atom with a suitable functional group. Replacing a hydrogen atom by a OH group in a hydrocarbon, gives an alcohol: replacement of H atom in a hydrocarbon by COOH group gives in a hydrocarbon carboxylic acid, and so on.


Lower alkenes are used as fuel and illuminant. These may be obtained by the cracking of kerosene or petrol.

Alkynes are generally used as the starting materials for the manufacture of a large number of organic compounds of industrial importance such as, chloroprene, vinyl chloride etc.

Benzene is used as a starting material for dyes, drugs, perfumes and explosives and polymers

Petrol and petrochemicals :

Sources of Hydrocarbons
     Until the early years of the nineteenth century, only the plants and animals were the known sources of organic compounds. With the advent of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, fossil fuels like coal and petroleum gained prominence as the sources of organic compounds, particularly hydrocarbons. Today, hydrocarbons are mostly obtained from petroleum. In recent years coal has started gaining prominence, probably due to the uncertain conditions in the world oil market.

Synehtetic Petrol :The petrol obtained artificially from coal as a mixture of alkanes resembling petroleum like aliphatic hydrocarbon fuels is called synthetic petrol. Two important methods for producing synthetic petrol are the Fischer-Tropsch process and the Bergius process. These processes were developed in Germany during World War II, when its petroleum supplies were cut off. Germany produced considerable amounts of fuel from coal by the above processes during that period.




5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
Give the decreasing order of the SN-1 reactivity of the following compounds.
2>1>3 rate of SN1 depend on stability of carbocation formed . As we can see on removal of Br from carbon and forming carbocation 1 has c+ on secondary carbon 2 has c+ on secondary carbon...
shubham one month ago
thank you sir
Riya one month ago
what should i refer ,o p tandon or ranjeet shahi ?,if i need theory as well as ques at the same time
If you need theory then follow o.p.tandon or if you want to questions then follow ranjeet shahi. But it is better to follow o p tandon for both theory as well as questions....
Ramreddy 5 months ago
thank you sir
sunath khadikar 5 months ago
Please explain how to count the no. of pi electrons in the attached image (the answer is 10)
i think its 8 , 3 double bonds =6pi electrons and 1l.p of oxygen is delocalised so that the compound is aromatic. The other is in sp 2 hybridised orital
Abhishek Singh 2 months ago
2 lone pairs on the oxygen molecule are in unhybridized p orbitals. Buy ‘solomon&fryhle’’s book on organic chemistry (INR700). It takes 6-8 days to read it’s 1090 pages provided you’ve read...
Manas Bondale 2 months ago
3 double bonds corresponds to 6 pi electrons , in addition to it there are two lone pairs with oxygen which are counted as pi electons , therefore 6+4=10
daksh 2 months ago
Why phenols are soluble in alkalies ?
phenols are soluble in alkalies because phenols are very weak acids
maheshgodari 2 months ago
phenols shows acidic nature so,phenols are soluble in alkalies.
kasireddy Praveenreddy 2 months ago
why atomic radii of iron(Fe) and cobalt(Co) is equal
atomic radii of iron(Fe) and cobalt(Co) is equal :- despite there is an increase number of protons which results in an increased nuclear attraction, the addition of an electron in a 3d...
Sunil Kumar FP 6 months ago
what is meant by acid base titrations
Titration is defined as the process of determining the volumes of reagents,required for the just completion of a reaction. Acid-base titration is one of the type of volumetric analysis.It is...
Aarti Gupta 5 months ago
Acid base titration means the determination of concentration or rank of a solution with respect to water with a pH of 7. All chemical reactions cannot be considered as titrations. A reaction...
Sunil Kumar FP 5 months ago
View all Questions »