sources of organic compounds and its uses

4 years ago


Answers : (1)


The simplest organic compounds are hydrocarbons. All organic compounds can be derived from hydrocarbons by substituting a hydrogen atom with a suitable functional group. Replacing a hydrogen atom by a OH group in a hydrocarbon, gives an alcohol: replacement of H atom in a hydrocarbon by COOH group gives in a hydrocarbon carboxylic acid, and so on.


Lower alkenes are used as fuel and illuminant. These may be obtained by the cracking of kerosene or petrol.

Alkynes are generally used as the starting materials for the manufacture of a large number of organic compounds of industrial importance such as, chloroprene, vinyl chloride etc.

Benzene is used as a starting material for dyes, drugs, perfumes and explosives and polymers

Petrol and petrochemicals :

Sources of Hydrocarbons
     Until the early years of the nineteenth century, only the plants and animals were the known sources of organic compounds. With the advent of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, fossil fuels like coal and petroleum gained prominence as the sources of organic compounds, particularly hydrocarbons. Today, hydrocarbons are mostly obtained from petroleum. In recent years coal has started gaining prominence, probably due to the uncertain conditions in the world oil market.

Synehtetic Petrol :The petrol obtained artificially from coal as a mixture of alkanes resembling petroleum like aliphatic hydrocarbon fuels is called synthetic petrol. Two important methods for producing synthetic petrol are the Fischer-Tropsch process and the Bergius process. These processes were developed in Germany during World War II, when its petroleum supplies were cut off. Germany produced considerable amounts of fuel from coal by the above processes during that period.




4 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
How many moles of gaseous products are formed on heating 3 moles of oxalic acid? Also name the gaseous products formed.
On heating oxalic acid(C 2 O 4 H 2 ), formic acid is formed. 3C 2 O 4 H 2 -----------------> 3CO 2 H 2 + 3CO 2 Oxalic Formic Carbon dioxide acid acid Thanks & Regards Aarti Gupta...
Aarti Gupta 3 months ago
@ aarti u absolutely wrong ..............oxalic acid on heating gives CO +CO2 + H2O kaisi faculty ho yaar formic acid kabse banne laga
sizzi 3 months ago
3CO +3CO2+3H2O is the right answer
sizzi 3 months ago
what product is formed when adipic acid is heated?
Adipic acid is hexane-1,6-dioic acid (CH 2 ) 4 (COOH) 2 .On heating adipic acid we will get its anhydride (CH 2 ) 4 (CO) 2 O.As per rule COOH groups are attatched to different C-atoms so...
Aarti Gupta 4 days ago
How to calculate ml(magnetic quantum number) values?
Magnetic quantum number(m l ) is one of the four quantum numbers.It refers to the different orientations electron cloud in a particular sub-shell.These different orientations are called the...
Aarti Gupta 11 days ago
How to find a Molucular formula of a gas using Euidometry? 1) 20ml of gas containing H and S was heated with tin. When reaction was over, no change in volume was observed. Hydrogen was the...
Eudiometry:-Eudiometry means gas analysis. It means in this type of numericals either you have to find out vol. of GAS From the data given in question or you have to find out any other thing...
Sunil Kumar FP 22 days ago
When aqueous soln of NaCl is eletrolysed using platinum electrodes then ions discharged at electrodes are ?
Electrolysis of aq.NaCl using Pt/C electrode: ions present : Na + ,H + , OH - ,Cl - at cathode: Na + ,H + migrate towards cathode, but H + is discharged in preference to Na + (lower in...
stenly 16 days ago
View all Questions »