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Give the general and specific names for the intermediate formed in the sow step. Explain why dehydration proceeds in acid but not in base.

7 years ago


Answers : (1)

The intermediate cation is called a carbocation and the name of the corresponding parent alkyl group is used. Me2CH+ is the ispropyl cation. Under basic conditions the very poor leaving group OH - would have to be eliminated. The essential role of the acid is to convert --OH to --OH2+ so that the very good leaving group H2O is eliminated instead.
7 years ago

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