Question:  What is the difference between Organic Compounds and Inorganic Compounds, how can you compare between the two, in a detailed way?

5 years ago


Answers : (1)



Comparison between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Organic Compounds

Inorganic Compounds

*Organic Compounds are composed of few elements only.C, H,O,N,S,P and halogens are the most common.

* Inorganic Compounds are composed of all the known elements.

*They are generally found in living matter, i.e., animals and plants.

*They are generally obtained from non-living matter, i.e., minerals.

*They are usually gases, liquids or solids having low melting points.

*They are usually solids having high melting and boiling points.

*These, being covalent compounds, are generally insoluble in water and other polar solvents. These are fairly soluble in non-polar solvents.

*These, being electrovalent compounds, are generally soluble in water and other polar solvents. However, these are insoluble in non-polar solvents.

*The number of these compounds is very large, i.e., well over five million organic compounds are known. Every year thousands of new compounds are added to the existing list.

*The number of these compounds is small, i.e. about one lakh inorganic compounds are known. Their number has become somewhat fixed as new compounds are rarely discovered.

*They are generally volatile and inflammable.

*They are generally non-volatile and non-combustible.

*Their solutions are non- conductors of electricity.

* Their solutions are good- conductors of electricity.

*Chemical reactions are molecular and slow. The yields are poor due to side reactions.

*Chemical reactions are ionic and fast. The yields are quantitative and there is no side reaction.

*They exhibit the phenomenon of isomerism.

*The co-ordination compounds show the phenomenon of isomerism only.

*They have been classified into many classes on the basis of functional groups. Each class is represented by a general formula and the members show similar properties. Each class is known as homologous series.

*Homologous series are not found. The compounds are mainly divided as acids, bases and salts.

*Some compounds are highly complex and have high molecular masses. These complex compounds are stable.

*Inorganic compounds are less complex. Comparatively a complex compound is generally less stable.



5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
how to remember all equation of organic chemistry
Hello Student practically it is not possible to remember all the equations of organic chemistry. But all you can do is to remember some important reactions which are asked in exams. For this...
Gaurav 3 months ago
if there is hydrogen bonding between nitro and oh then meta nitrophenol must b stronger acid than p ????????????? plz ans y meta is weaker
Nitro group is an electron withdrawing group and thus it attracts the electron density of the ring and also affects the O-H bond of the alcohol group due to the resonance so that the Oxygen...
sumit kumar 5 months ago
does the volume strength of H2O2 depend on conditions? since 1L of H2O2 at different conditions give different volume of O2. then, what is the use of such volume strength labelling?
The volume strength can give different volume a of O2 at different condition, but at STP the volume given of O2 can be converted to its number of mole and so we have molarity of H2O2. As we...
Naveen Kumar one month ago
Which one of the following has two nuclepphilic centres ? A.Sulphite B.Hydroxyl C.Nitrite D.Nitrate
Its Nitrite. One:- ONO and Second:- NO 2
Yash Jain 11 days ago
explain pls
SRIRAMANAN K 8 days ago
Why NaOH.nH 2 O , Where n = 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 & 7. Why n cant have 6 and other values to it?
Hello Student Here n represents the number of water molecule attached to the NaOH . These are called water of crystallization. The number of water of crystallization is 1, 2, 3,4 or 5....
Gaurav 2 days ago
View all Questions »