Question:  What is the difference between Organic Compounds and Inorganic Compounds, how can you compare between the two, in a detailed way?

5 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

                                        

 


Comparison between Organic and Inorganic Compounds


































































Organic Compounds



Inorganic Compounds



*Organic Compounds are composed of few elements only.C, H,O,N,S,P and halogens are the most common.



* Inorganic Compounds are composed of all the known elements.



*They are generally found in living matter, i.e., animals and plants.



*They are generally obtained from non-living matter, i.e., minerals.



*They are usually gases, liquids or solids having low melting points.



*They are usually solids having high melting and boiling points.



*These, being covalent compounds, are generally insoluble in water and other polar solvents. These are fairly soluble in non-polar solvents.



*These, being electrovalent compounds, are generally soluble in water and other polar solvents. However, these are insoluble in non-polar solvents.



*The number of these compounds is very large, i.e., well over five million organic compounds are known. Every year thousands of new compounds are added to the existing list.



*The number of these compounds is small, i.e. about one lakh inorganic compounds are known. Their number has become somewhat fixed as new compounds are rarely discovered.



*They are generally volatile and inflammable.



*They are generally non-volatile and non-combustible.



*Their solutions are non- conductors of electricity.



* Their solutions are good- conductors of electricity.



*Chemical reactions are molecular and slow. The yields are poor due to side reactions.



*Chemical reactions are ionic and fast. The yields are quantitative and there is no side reaction.



*They exhibit the phenomenon of isomerism.



*The co-ordination compounds show the phenomenon of isomerism only.



*They have been classified into many classes on the basis of functional groups. Each class is represented by a general formula and the members show similar properties. Each class is known as homologous series.



*Homologous series are not found. The compounds are mainly divided as acids, bases and salts.



*Some compounds are highly complex and have high molecular masses. These complex compounds are stable.



*Inorganic compounds are less complex. Comparatively a complex compound is generally less stable.



 



 



5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
how to read organic chemistry and please tell how to remember organic chemistry
 
 
Organic chemistry is simplest part of chemistry, but most of the students will find it very difficult because they do not understand basics . If one understands basics then it is very easy...
  img
Ramreddy 3 months ago
 
See, first of all you must have a good knowledge of all the reagents i.e what is the effect of those reagents and in what conditions they react and what products are formed. then you just...
  img
Suraj Prasad 3 months ago
pls someone answer, why is o-nitrobenzoic more acid than p-nitrobenzoic acid?Isn’t there intramolecular h bonding in the former?
 
 
The main reason is that Nitro group is having more -I effect at the ortho position as compared to p-position. As -M effect is similar im both the cases, the deciding factor for more acidic...
  img
Naveen Kumar 3 months ago
How do we know which oxidation state of the transition elements will be more stabe and which ones are less stable??
 
 
we have to see the elctronic configuration and we should also keep in mind that configurations having half-filled and full-filled orbitals are more stable. As we go down the group the lower...
  img
Naveen Kumar 2 months ago
What is Oxoanion Oxyanion Oxocation Oxycation ?
 
 
Oxoanion/Oxyanion:- An oxyanion or oxoanion is a chemical compound with the generic formula AxOyz− (where A represents a chemical element and O represents an oxygen atom). Oxoanions...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 3 months ago
 
Oxyanion/ Oxoanion – An oxyanion is an anion containing oxygen. Examples : Nitrate (NO3-), Nitrite (NO2-), sulfite (SO32-) and hypochlorite (ClO-) are all oxyanions. Oxycation/...
  img
Raheema Javed 2 months ago
why only uranium is used as atomic fual
 
 
Uranium is a very heavy metal which can be used as an abundant source of concentrated energy . The nucleus of the U-235 atom comprises 92 protons and 143 neutrons (92 + 143 = 235). When the...
 
Saloni gordhan Rakholiya 3 months ago
 
who said only uranium is used there are many other things which can be used out of which 2 imp are:- uranium-235 (U-235) and plutonium-239 (Pu-239) Most nuclear fuels contain heavy fissile...
 
Ashwin 3 months ago
View all Questions »