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Kaushik Ram Grade: 10
        A plank of mss M is placed on a rough horizontal surface and a constant horizontal force is applied to it. A man of mass m runs on the plank. Find the acceleration of the man so that the plank does not move on the surface. Coefficient of friction between the plank and the surface is µ . Assume sufficient friction between man and the plank to avoid slipping of man on the plank.
6 years ago

Answers : (1)

AJIT AskiitiansExpert-IITD
68 Points
										

Dear Kaushik ,


Two cases can arise :


1) the man runs in the direction of application of the force F on the plank


Then the friction acts on him in the direction of F and so he applies the friction in opposite direction of  F on the plank . His accelecration be a. As he increases a , the force in backward direction increases and eventually the limit reaches when the Friction below on the plank reaches its maximim value = µ (m+M) g


in this case ,  mamax - F =  µ (m+M) g , so


         amax =  µ (m+M) g + F /m


so  a <= (µ (m+M) g + F )/m


2) the man runs opposite to the direction of application of the force F on the plank


Then the friction acts on him in the opposite  direction of F and so he applies the friction in the direction of F on the plank . His accelecration be a. As he increases a , the force in forward  direction increases and eventually the limit reaches when the Friction below on the plank reaches its maximim value = µ (m+M) g.


in this case ,  mamax + F =  µ (m+M) g , so


         amax =  µ (m+M) g - F /m


so  a <= (µ (m+M) g -F )/m


  Please feel free to ask your queries here. We are all IITians and here to help you in your IIT JEE preparation.


All the best.


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Ajit Singh Verma IITD

6 years ago
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