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1.) Why in acidic buffer solution,a mixture of weak base and its salt of strong acid is not used instead of weak acid and its salt of strong base?

2.) why in basic buffer solution,a mixture of weak acid and its salt of strong base is not used instead of weak base and its salt of strong acid?

6 years ago


Answers : (1)


Dear student,

An acidic buffer solution is simply one which has a pH less than 7. Acidic buffer solutions are commonly made from a weak acid and one of its salts - often a sodium salt.

A common example would be a mixture of ethanoic acid and sodium ethanoate in solution. In this case, if the solution contained equal molar concentrations of both the acid and the salt, it would have a pH of 4.76. It wouldn't matter what the concentrations were, as long as they were the same.

You can change the pH of the buffer solution by changing the ratio of acid to salt, or by choosing a different acid and one of its salts.

An alkaline buffer solution has a pH greater than 7. Alkaline buffer solutions are commonly made from a weak base and one of its salts.

A frequently used example is a mixture of ammonia solution and ammonium chloride solution. If these were mixed in equal molar proportions, the solution would have a pH of 9.25. Again, it doesn't matter what concentrations you choose as long as they are the same.

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Sagar Singh

B.Tech IIT Delhi

6 years ago

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