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niebres III claro Grade: Upto college level
        inorganic and organic compouds
8 years ago

Answers : (1)

Askiitian.Expert Rajat
24 Points
										

Hi,


An organic compound is any member of a large class of chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon and hydrogen; therefore, carbides, carbonates, carbon oxides and elementary carbon are not organic. The study of organic compounds is termed organic chemistry, and since it is a vast collection of chemicals (over half of all known chemical compounds), systems have been devised to classify organic compounds. A few of the compound classes based on the functional groups they carry are as follows:



Acid anhydrides

Acyl halides

Alcohols

Aldehydes

Alkanes

Alkenes

Amides

Amines

Aromatics

Azo compounds

Carboxylic acids

Esters

Ethers

Haloalkanes

Imines

Ketones

Nitriles

Nitro compounds

Organometallic compounds

Phenols

Polymers, including all plastics

Thiols



Many organic compounds are also of prime importance in biochemistry:



Antigens

Polysaccharides, carbohydrates and sugars

Enzymes

Hormones

Lipids and fatty acids

Neurotransmitters

Nucleic acids

Proteins, peptides and amino acids

Vitamins





An inorganic compound is a chemical compound that is not an organic compound. Inorganic compounds come principally from mineral sources of non-biological origin. The modern definition of inorganic compounds often includes all metal-containing compounds, even those found in living systems. Although most carbon compounds are classed as organic, cyanide salts, carbon oxides and carbonates are usually considered to be inorganic.



Major branches of inorganic compound groups include:



Minerals, such as salt, asbestos, silicates, ...

Metals and their alloys, like iron, copper, aluminium, brass, bronze, ...

Compounds involving non-metallic elements, like silicon, phosphorus, chlorine, oxygen, for example water

Metal complexes


 


Regards,


Rajat


Askiitians Expert

8 years ago
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