what is the shape of F orbital?


why do electrons orbit in orbitals of different shape?

5 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

                                        

Hi


The exotic, complex f orbital shapes are rarely shown in textbooks. General (and organic) chemistry traditionally focuses on the lighter elements, but the f orbitals aren't occupied in the ground state until element 58 (cerium). Even for elements beyond cerium, the f orbitals are deeply buried beneath the valence shell and they rarely play an important role in chemical change or bonding. However, the orbital shapes can be useful in interpreting spectra and in understanding the structure of some complexes that involve the rare earth elements.


The yellow and blue colors designate lobes with positive and negative amplitudes, respectively.
































Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-3 The 4fy3 - 3x2y orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-3. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the xy plane, with one pair of lobes along the x-axis. Three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the z axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-2 The 4fxyz orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-2. Eight lobes point to the corners of a cube, with four lobes above and four lobes below the xy plane. The x and y axes pass through the centers of four of the cube's faces (between the lobes). The three nodal planes are defined by the x, y, and z axes.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-1 The 4f5yz2 - yr2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-1. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the yz plane, with one pair of lobes along the x-axis. The three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the y axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=0 The 4fz3 - 3zr2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=0. Two lobes point along the z-axis, with two bowl-shaped rings above and below the xy plane. The nodal surfaces are the xy plane and a conical surface passing through the nucleus and between the rings and the lobes.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+1 The 4f5xz2 - xr2 corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+1. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the xz plane, with one pair of lobes along the y-axis. The three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the x axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+2 The 4fzx2 - zy2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+2. It has the same shape as the 4fxyz orbital, but the corners of the cube are in the planes defined by the x, y, and z axes and the three nodal planes cut between the lobes and intersect along the z axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+3 The 4fx3 - 3xy2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+3. It is identical to the orbital with m_ell=-3 except that a lobe lies along the y axis instead of along the x axis.

5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Inorganic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
How many resonance structures exist for graphite?And what are they?
 
 
Hello Himaja There are tworesonance structures exist for graphite
  img
Pankaj 2 days ago
‘ The stability of peroxides & super oxides increases with the size of the metal ion . This is due to the stabilization of large anions by large cations through lattice enthalpy‘ Expalin the...
 
 
Alkali metals when burnt in air form different types of oxides.For ex-Li forms normal oxide(Li2O),sodium form peroxide(Na2O2)and potassium,rubidium,and cesium form superoxides of general...
  img
Aarti Gupta one month ago
want to understand group 13
 
 
Group 13 of the periodictable is known as boron family .This group consist of boron,aluminium,gallium,indium and thallium.The elements of this group consist of threeelectronsin the outermost...
  img
Aarti Gupta 28 days ago
 
how can anyone write about whole chapter it is better you read it in ncert or reference books
 
yaswanth 28 days ago
Q . which is the correct order of decreasing stability of the following cations?
 
 
i think the correct the correct answer is c because of stabilisation by lone pairs in third and second case,, and for the comparison between second and third option , third option with less...
 
daksh 2 months ago
 
sorry wrong answer.....please give a right answer with proper explanation
 
bharat makkar 2 months ago
 
YES.....GOT IT...THANKS ….....
 
bharat makkar 2 months ago
Which of the following hydrocarbons has the lowest dipolemoment? Give explanation. (1) Trans-2-butene (2) 2-butyne (3) 1-butyne (4) But-1-en-3-yne
 
 
Dipole moment (μ) is the measure of net molecular polarity, trans 2 butene has a dipole moment of 0 because the presence of each CH3 group on the opposite side cancels each other effect
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 6 months ago
 
Dipole moment (μ) is the measure of net molecular polarity, trans 2 butene has a dipole moment of 0 because the presence of each CH3 group on the opposite side cancels each other effect
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 6 months ago
what is the difference between amyl and active amyl
 
 
  img
Harishwar 4 months ago
View all Questions »