what is the shape of F orbital?


why do electrons orbit in orbitals of different shape?

5 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

                                        

Hi


The exotic, complex f orbital shapes are rarely shown in textbooks. General (and organic) chemistry traditionally focuses on the lighter elements, but the f orbitals aren't occupied in the ground state until element 58 (cerium). Even for elements beyond cerium, the f orbitals are deeply buried beneath the valence shell and they rarely play an important role in chemical change or bonding. However, the orbital shapes can be useful in interpreting spectra and in understanding the structure of some complexes that involve the rare earth elements.


The yellow and blue colors designate lobes with positive and negative amplitudes, respectively.
































Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-3 The 4fy3 - 3x2y orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-3. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the xy plane, with one pair of lobes along the x-axis. Three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the z axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-2 The 4fxyz orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-2. Eight lobes point to the corners of a cube, with four lobes above and four lobes below the xy plane. The x and y axes pass through the centers of four of the cube's faces (between the lobes). The three nodal planes are defined by the x, y, and z axes.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-1 The 4f5yz2 - yr2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-1. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the yz plane, with one pair of lobes along the x-axis. The three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the y axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=0 The 4fz3 - 3zr2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=0. Two lobes point along the z-axis, with two bowl-shaped rings above and below the xy plane. The nodal surfaces are the xy plane and a conical surface passing through the nucleus and between the rings and the lobes.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+1 The 4f5xz2 - xr2 corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+1. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the xz plane, with one pair of lobes along the y-axis. The three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the x axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+2 The 4fzx2 - zy2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+2. It has the same shape as the 4fxyz orbital, but the corners of the cube are in the planes defined by the x, y, and z axes and the three nodal planes cut between the lobes and intersect along the z axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+3 The 4fx3 - 3xy2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+3. It is identical to the orbital with m_ell=-3 except that a lobe lies along the y axis instead of along the x axis.

5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Inorganic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
In the reaction 2Clf3= Cl2 + 3f2, how is dissociation of Clf3 favoured by increase in volume of container?
 
 
dissociation is favored by an increase in the volume of the container because here 2 mole of CLF3 dissociates into 1 mole of chlorine and 3 mole of F2 no of mole on the right hand side is...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 12 days ago
An acid solution of 0.005 M has a pH of 5. The degree of ionization of acid is:
 
 
degree of ionizatio =c×¥=10^-5 ¥=degree of inization c= .005 M thererore ¥=10^-5/.005=2×10^-9 thanks and regards sunil kr askIItian faculty
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 5 months ago
 
degree of ionisation= 0.999
 
yahwah nissi one month ago
 
THIS IS CORRECT
 
gokul 2 months ago
In the reaction 2ClF3=Cl2+3F2, if there is increase in volume of container, pressure exerted would be low so why shift from RHS does not take place as number of moles on RHS is more ?? and...
 
 
dear friend you have missed one thing this is an exmaple of endothermic reaction so on increasibg the volume of the container the temperature will decrease hence the reaction will favour...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 11 days ago
Sir please help me balance this equation- Cr(oh)3+IO3^-1-------->I-+CrO4^2-(in basic medium) by ion electron method. Sir it is written in my book to first balance all the atoms other that o...
 
 
Cr(OH)3(s) +IO3(-)(aq) -->CrO4(-2)(aq) + I(-)(aq) remember in basic medium firstbalancing of oxidation number then balancing of O atom.Balancing of O atom is made by using H2O and OH-...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP one month ago
which carbocation is more stable and why ? help me as soon as possible, please :(
 
 
3 is stable due to hypercongugation(sigma bond resonance)
 
Parvez Mahesar 8 days ago
sir, I get confused in solving the problems in physical chemistry.can u please suggest a way to over come this
 
 
if you are getting confusion in solving problem then try physical chemistry solved problem from p bahadur.after practising this much problem you will not be having any problem to solve...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP one month ago
View all Questions »