what is the shape of F orbital?


why do electrons orbit in orbitals of different shape?

5 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

                                        

Hi


The exotic, complex f orbital shapes are rarely shown in textbooks. General (and organic) chemistry traditionally focuses on the lighter elements, but the f orbitals aren't occupied in the ground state until element 58 (cerium). Even for elements beyond cerium, the f orbitals are deeply buried beneath the valence shell and they rarely play an important role in chemical change or bonding. However, the orbital shapes can be useful in interpreting spectra and in understanding the structure of some complexes that involve the rare earth elements.


The yellow and blue colors designate lobes with positive and negative amplitudes, respectively.
































Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-3 The 4fy3 - 3x2y orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-3. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the xy plane, with one pair of lobes along the x-axis. Three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the z axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-2 The 4fxyz orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-2. Eight lobes point to the corners of a cube, with four lobes above and four lobes below the xy plane. The x and y axes pass through the centers of four of the cube's faces (between the lobes). The three nodal planes are defined by the x, y, and z axes.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-1 The 4f5yz2 - yr2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-1. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the yz plane, with one pair of lobes along the x-axis. The three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the y axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=0 The 4fz3 - 3zr2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=0. Two lobes point along the z-axis, with two bowl-shaped rings above and below the xy plane. The nodal surfaces are the xy plane and a conical surface passing through the nucleus and between the rings and the lobes.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+1 The 4f5xz2 - xr2 corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+1. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the xz plane, with one pair of lobes along the y-axis. The three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the x axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+2 The 4fzx2 - zy2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+2. It has the same shape as the 4fxyz orbital, but the corners of the cube are in the planes defined by the x, y, and z axes and the three nodal planes cut between the lobes and intersect along the z axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+3 The 4fx3 - 3xy2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+3. It is identical to the orbital with m_ell=-3 except that a lobe lies along the y axis instead of along the x axis.

5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Inorganic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
suppose you have a sample of sulphur containing 1x10 23 sulphur atoms.if a cyclic molecule of sulphur contains S 8 structure then how many molecules of S 8 do you have?
 
 
The sample of sulphur contains sulphur in the cyclic molecule form. 1 molecule contains 8 atoms of sulphur so 10 23 atoms will make (10 23 /8) molecules.
 
DHRUVESH KHANDELWAL one month ago
the half life for a first order reaction is 25 minutes. calculate the rate constant and apply it ti find the time required for 85% complition of the reaction ?
 
 
we have the relation between the half lide and the rate constant as half life t1/2=.693/k k is the rate constant or k=.693/t1/2 =.693/25 min^-1 =2.772*10^-2 min^-1 time required for 25%...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 8 days ago
Why is equitorial bond angle in sf4> ch2=sf4 (double bond in b/w), trying to understand it through bent rule but unable to so far...
 
 
SF4 has a trigonal bipyramidal structure with lone pair of electron in the equatorial position.The F-S-F bond angle is 101degree. In the trigonal-bipyramidal species H2C= SF4 the H atoms are...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 17 days ago
 
Yes ,you are correct but actually what i want to tell is that greater s character of lone pair leads to lowering of equatorial bond angle(F-S-F) from 1200 to 101degree.This is due to...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 16 days ago
 
Sir, bond angle is directly proportional to s character and therefore inversely proportio al to p character?
 
agam goel 17 days ago
what is pH value of sperm ? is sperm acidic or basic or …........?
 
 
sperm ph=10.2 alkaline medium strngth thanks and regards sunil kr askIITian faculty
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 2 months ago
what volume of concentrated HCL that is 36% HCL by mass and has dens ity of 1.18 g/cm3 is required yo produce 8.25L of a solution with pH of 1.77
 
 
ph=1.77 -log[H+]=1.77 [H+]=.588M mole of HCl=.588*8.25=.485mole let the volume of Hcl be V now .36*V*1.18=.485 V=1.14L
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 2 months ago
View all Questions »