what is the shape of F orbital?


why do electrons orbit in orbitals of different shape?

5 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

                    

Hi


The exotic, complex f orbital shapes are rarely shown in textbooks. General (and organic) chemistry traditionally focuses on the lighter elements, but the f orbitals aren't occupied in the ground state until element 58 (cerium). Even for elements beyond cerium, the f orbitals are deeply buried beneath the valence shell and they rarely play an important role in chemical change or bonding. However, the orbital shapes can be useful in interpreting spectra and in understanding the structure of some complexes that involve the rare earth elements.


The yellow and blue colors designate lobes with positive and negative amplitudes, respectively.
































Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-3 The 4fy3 - 3x2y orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-3. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the xy plane, with one pair of lobes along the x-axis. Three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the z axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-2 The 4fxyz orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-2. Eight lobes point to the corners of a cube, with four lobes above and four lobes below the xy plane. The x and y axes pass through the centers of four of the cube's faces (between the lobes). The three nodal planes are defined by the x, y, and z axes.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=-1 The 4f5yz2 - yr2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=-1. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the yz plane, with one pair of lobes along the x-axis. The three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the y axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=0 The 4fz3 - 3zr2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=0. Two lobes point along the z-axis, with two bowl-shaped rings above and below the xy plane. The nodal surfaces are the xy plane and a conical surface passing through the nucleus and between the rings and the lobes.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+1 The 4f5xz2 - xr2 corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+1. Six lobes point to the corners of a regular hexagon in the xz plane, with one pair of lobes along the y-axis. The three nodal planes pass between the lobes and intersect at the x axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+2 The 4fzx2 - zy2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+2. It has the same shape as the 4fxyz orbital, but the corners of the cube are in the planes defined by the x, y, and z axes and the three nodal planes cut between the lobes and intersect along the z axis.
Hydrogen f orbital with n=4,l=3,m=+3 The 4fx3 - 3xy2 orbital corresponds to n=4, ell=3, and mell=+3. It is identical to the orbital with m_ell=-3 except that a lobe lies along the y axis instead of along the x axis.

5 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Inorganic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts
Post Question
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
An acid solution of 0.005 M has a pH of 5. The degree of ionization of acid is:
 
 
degree of ionizatio =c×¥=10^-5 ¥=degree of inization c= .005 M thererore ¥=10^-5/.005=2×10^-9 thanks and regards sunil kr askIItian faculty
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 4 months ago
 
degree of ionisation= 0.999
 
yahwah nissi 17 days ago
 
THIS IS CORRECT
 
gokul 28 days ago
write the allotropic modifications of oxygen.
 
 
Various allotropic modifications of oxygen are : 1) Dioxygen O2 2) Ozone O3 3) Atomic oxygen O1 4)Tetra oxygen O4 5)Solid oxygen which has six distinct phases. Thanks & Regards Ruchi...
  img
Ruchi Shaw 5 months ago
 
dioxygen (O 2 ), ozone (O 3 ), tetraoxygen (O 4 ) and octaoxygen (O 8 ) are allotropes of oxygen . Thanks & Regards Mukesh Sharma askIITians Faculty
  img
Mukesh Sharma 5 months ago
explain how rusting of iron is envisaged as setting of an electrochemical series
 
 
The term corrosion refers to degradation of metals in their chemical interaction with the environment and usually we refer to steel in this process. Metals that are in a metastable state...
  img
Vasantha Kumari 4 months ago
 
Rusting of iron form an electrochemical cell.The reaction is take place in presence of water. An electrochemical cell is created on an iron object that has a distinct anode and cathode. * At...
 
K RAJESH 4 months ago
How many moles of gaseous products are formed on heating 3 moles of oxalic acid? Also name the gaseous products formed.
 
 
On heating oxalic acid(C 2 O 4 H 2 ), formic acid is formed. 3C 2 O 4 H 2 -----------------> 3CO 2 H 2 + 3CO 2 Oxalic Formic Carbon dioxide acid acid Thanks & Regards Aarti Gupta...
  img
Aarti Gupta 2 months ago
 
@ aarti u absolutely wrong ..............oxalic acid on heating gives CO +CO2 + H2O kaisi faculty ho yaar formic acid kabse banne laga
 
sizzi 2 months ago
 
3CO +3CO2+3H2O is the right answer
 
sizzi 2 months ago
Give relationship between molarity and mole fraction
 
 
M=(1000x)/(1-x)M 2 where M=molarity,x is mole fraction and M 2 is the gram molecular mass of solute.
 
siddharth gupta 16 days ago
what is the colour of the light emmited when cathode rays strike zinc plate?
 
 
like a red hot colour light
 
wonderworld 6 months ago
 
red hot colour
 
susmitha 6 months ago
 
red colour
 
varalakshmi one month ago
View all Questions »