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` if in capacitance no heat loss is possible if we apply ac why donot be use capacitors instead of resistors`

7 years ago

Resistors arnt used!!

It is like a package with the wires tht we cannot remove.

In some cases where heating is required, as in heaters, we do use resisitors.

Also some resistance is essential as if R==0 exaclty then in case of resonance, w=(LC)(0.5), there will be very high current tht may damage the circuits and devices.

7 years ago

hi piyush,

another reasons for not using capacitor instead of resistor might be dat when we use capacitor den it wud cause a phase difference inside d circuit n dis is n't desirable in any system....i think u already know abt dis property of capacitor dat it causes a phase difference of pi/2...

consider a circuit which has only a capacitor and an AC power source (such as a wall outlet). A capacitor is a device for storing charging. It turns out that there is a 90° phase difference between the current and voltage, with the current reaching its peak 90° (1/4 cycle) before the voltage reaches its peak. Put another way, the current leads the voltage by 90° in a purely capacitive circuit.

To understand why this is, we should review some of the relevant equations, including:

relationship between voltage and charge for a capacitor: CV = Q

The AC power supply produces an oscillating voltage. We should follow the circuit through one cycle of the voltage to figure out what happens to the current.

Step 1 - At point a (see diagram) the voltage is zero and the capacitor is uncharged. Initially, the voltage increases quickly. The voltage across the capacitor matches the power supply voltage, so the current is large to build up charge on the capacitor plates. The closer the voltage gets to its peak, the slower it changes, meaning less current has to flow. When the voltage reaches a peak at point b, the capacitor is fully charged and the current is momentarily zero.

Step 2 - After reaching a peak, the voltage starts dropping. The capacitor must discharge now, so the current reverses direction. When the voltage passes through zero at point c, it's changing quite rapidly; to match this voltage the current must be large and negative.

Step 3 - Between points c and d, the voltage is negative. Charge builds up again on the capacitor plates, but the polarity is opposite to what it was in step one. Again the current is negative, and as the voltage reaches its negative peak at point d the current drops to zero.

Step 4 - After point d, the voltage heads toward zero and the capacitor must discharge. When the voltage reaches zero it's gone through a full cycle so it's back to point a again to repeat the cycle.

7 years ago

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