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Can I get a VERY DEEP explanation of frictional electrification and charging by contact.I am rubbing two insulating surfaces wood and silk.But there is no sign of charging. On which factors it depends?

6 years ago


Answers : (1)


Dear honey,

Let a piece of glass and a piece of resin, neither of which exhibits any electrical properties, be rubbed together and left with the rubbed surfaces in contact. They will still exhibit no electrical properties. Let them be separated. They will now attract each other.

If a second piece of glass be rubbed with a second piece of resin, and if the piece be then separated and suspended in the neighbourhood of the former pieces of glass and resin, it may be observed:

  1. that the two pieces of glass repel each other.

  2. that each piece of glass attracts each piece of resin.

  3. that the two pieces of resin repel each other.

These phenomena of attraction and repulsion are called electrical phenomena and the bodies which exhibit them are said to be 'electrified', or to be 'charged with electricity'.

Bodies may be electrified in many other ways, as well as by friction.

The electrical properties of the two pieces of glass are similar to each other but opposite to those of the two pieces of resin: the glass attracts what the resin repels and repels what the resin attracts.

If a body electrified in any manner whatever behaves as the glass does, that is, if it repels the glass and attracts the resin, the body is said to be 'vitreously' electrified, and if it attracts the glass and repels the resin it is said to be 'resinously' electrified. All electrified bodies are found to be either vitreously or resinously electrified.


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Sagar Singh

B.Tech, IIT Delhi

6 years ago

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