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Shane Macguire Grade: upto college level
        Find the value of t/τ for which the current in an LR circuit builds up to (a) 90%, (b ) 99% and (c) 99.9% of the steady-state value.
3 years ago

Answers : (1)

Jitender Pal
askIITians Faculty
365 Points
										Sol. We know i = i0 ( 1- e^–t/r)

(a) 90/100 i base 0 = i base 0 ( 1-e^-t/r)
⇒ 0.9 = 1 – e^-t/r
⇒ e^-t/r = 0.1
Taking ℓn from both sides
ℓn e^–t/r = ℓn 0.1 ⇒ –t = –2.3 ⇒ t/r = 2.3
(b) 99/100 i base 0 = i base 0 (1 – e^-t/r)
⇒ e^–t/r = 0.01
ℓne^–t/r = ℓn 0.01
or, –t/r = –4.6 or t/r = 4.6
(c) 99.9/100 i base 0 = i base 0 (1-e^-t/r)
e^–t/r = 0.001
⇒ lne^–t/r = ln 0.001 ⇒ e^–t/r = –6.9 ⇒ t/r = 6.9.
3 years ago
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