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```				   what is derivation of L hospital rule
```

6 years ago

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### Answers : (1)

```										Dear vikash,
Let lim stand for the limit , , ,  , or ,  and suppose that lim  and lim  are both zero or are both . If

has a finite value or if the limit is , then

Historically, this result first appeared in l'Hospital's 1696 treatise, which was the first textbook on differential calculas.

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Comes as a direct consequence of the Mean Value theorem. Useful for
computing limits of the formf(x)
g(x)wheref(x),g(x)→ 0. Connected to
limx→a
f?(x)
g?(x). Assumef (a) =g(a) = 0, and you want to compute limx→a
f(x)
g(x).
Use the mean value theorem to try to approximate the function. Asx ap- proachesa,f (x) should be approximatelyf (a) +f?(y)(x− a). Using the mean value theorem, we know such ay exists, sof (x) =f (a) +f?(y)(x− a) for somea < y < x. Likewise,g(x) =g(a) +g?(z)(x− a) for somea < z < x. So
f(x)
g(x)=f?(y)(x− a)
g?(z)(x− a)=f?(y)
g?(z)≈f?(x)
f?(y)
sincey andz approachx asx approachesa. Keep this idea in mind for the
proof.
2 Proof
Theorem (generalized mean value theorem): letf, g be continuous on [a, b],
and di?erentiable on (a, b). Then∃x ∈ (a, b) such thatf?(x)· (g(b)−g(a)) =
g?(x)(f(b)− f(a)).
Note: another way to think about this is that ifg?(x)?= 0, then
f?(x)
g?(x)=f(b)− f(a)
g(b)− g(a)

```
6 years ago

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