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`        A line L drawn from pt. p(4,3) to meet the line L1:3x+4y+5=0,,,,and L2: 3x+4y+15=0.....at points A and B respectively .From point A a line perpendicular to L is drawn meeting the lines L2 at A1.Similarly from pt. P line perpendicular toL is drawn meeting the line L1 at B1.Thus a llgram AA1BB1 is completed.Find the equation of L so that area of the llgram is least?`
8 years ago

Ramesh V
70 Points
```
AA1BB1 is a parallogram with 2 equal triangles AA1B and ABB1
Let AB=b
perpendicular distance btn L1 & L2 lines is p=2 units
Now consider traingle ABB1 ( from simple trigonometry )
we have its area = b2p / 2*(b2 - p2)1/2
for PA=r1 and PB=r2 and let  tan X be slope of line L
In polar coordinate form :
A ( 4+r1cos X , 3+r1sin X )   and B ( 4+r2cos X , 3+r2sin X )
on substituting A and B in L1 and L2 , we have
r1=|-29| / (3 cos X + 4 sin X)    and
r2=|-39| / (3 cos X + 4 sin X)
So AB= |r2 - r1|
AB = b =10 / (3 cos X + 4 sin X)
b = 2 / sin (X+k)               :  where k=sin-1(3/5)
So total area is twice area of  traingle ABB1
Area = b2p / (b2 - p2)1/2
= 4 / sin (X+k)*cos (X+k)
= 4 / sin 2(X+k)
For area to min. = sin 2(X+k) = 1
or                            2(X+k) = Pi /2
X = Pi/4 - k
tan X = (1 - tan k)/(1+ tan k)
= (1 -0.75)/(1+ 0.75)
slope of L is : tan X = 1/7
So eqn. L is : x -7y+17 = 0

```
8 years ago
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