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Engineering Departments in India: Scope, Career and Future

With the emergence of several public and private sector job opportunities in the engineering sector the education system of the country has also evolved. Several government and private institutions are functioning in the country offering engineering education and helping students build a better career. Here are some of the most popular branches of engineering in India which are job and industry oriented:

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Mechanical engineering being one of the oldest branches of engineering and is alsoknown as the ‘mother’ branch of engineering. Mechanical engineeringWith great exposure, learning and pay packages Mechanical engineering is one of the chosen departments by students across the country.

Eligibility, Designations and Job Description

To have a Mechanical Engineering degree, candidates need to crack the entrance exam, IIT-JEE and post clearing the exam can avail admissions in various B.E./B.Tech and M.Tech degree colleges.

The job profile of the Mechanical Engineers can be classified into R&D, Analysis, Production, Testing, Designing, Installation and maintenance.

  • The basic task of a Mechanical Engineer would be:

  • To design and Implement the modification of the equipments in order to improvise the safety and reliability

  • To create the specifications of the project along with the team mates

  • To perform the tasks of developing, testing and designing

  • To manage the entire project applying the essential skills required for project management

Mechanical Engineering – Job Opportunities

Job opportunities for Mechanical engineers are widely available across the globe. There is always scope of growth and exposure in the field of Mechanical Engineering. According to several surveys it is found that by 2015 Mechanical Engineering shall be the highest paid option to choose for building a career.

Sectors taking Mechanical Engineers

  • Thermal power industry
  • Automobile industry
  • Oil and gas exploration and refining industries
  • Gas turbines industry
  • Aviation
  • Air conditioning and refrigeration industry
  • Aerospace industry
  • Agricultural sector
  • Armed forces
  • Shipping industries
  • Pharmaceutical

Government sector, PSU and Private Firms offering jobs to the Mechanical Engineers in India

  • The Indian Bureau of Mines
  • Siemens
  • Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd
  • Bharat Electronics Limited
  • Chennai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd.

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Electrical Engineering involves the understanding and application of electricity and electronics. It isElectrical Engineering one of the fastest growing sector and one of the most interesting branches of engineering. The subjects being studied in Electrical Engineering courses involve the topics related to computer, electronics & communication, transmission & distribution of electricity etc. 

Eligibility, Designations and Job Description

The prime eligibility criteria for an electrical engineer are to have a B.R/B.Tech in Electrical Engineering. Candidates with M.Tech degree is the highest educational qualification in the field and receives a better earning.

The job profile or positions of the Electrical Engineers can be classified into Quality Control Engineer, Design Engineer, Reliability Engineer, Test Engineer etc.

With the rising need of electricity and energy requirements the demand of Electrical Engineer has also risen up. These are the following job responsibilities of an electrical engineer:

  • To design and develop the efficient most electrical equipments and machinery

  • To control the equipments for generating energy using electricity

  • To organize and supervise the manufacturing, installing, maintaining, support system and testing the equipments and electrical machinery to assure the specifications and customer requisites.

  • To transmit and distribute the electrical energy and telecommunication

The job profile may differ from company to company. However, in general an electrical engineer is expected to do the above tasks.

Electrical Engineering – Job Opportunities

In a vast populated country like India, the requirement of energy is never ending. In recent years the country has witnessed huge requirement of electric energy and this has created numerous opportunities for electrical engineers.

Sectors taking Electrical Engineers

The most suitable sectors for electrical engineers are the power plants of every type, atomic, thermal or hydel. The electrical engineers are required in almost every sector, let that be public or private, for instance, railways, electrical design and consultancy firms, electricity boards, all types of manufacturing industries, utility companies etc.

Government sector, PSU and Private Firms offering jobs to the Electrical Engineers in India

  • Bajaj International Private Ltd
  • Crompton Greaves Limited
  • ABB
  • Reliance Power Ltd
  • ONGS (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation)
  • PGCIL (Power Grid Corporation of India Limited)
  • CIL (Coal India Limited)
  • BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited)
  • SAIL (Steel Authority of India Limited)
  • Siemens Ltd
  • Wipro Lighting Ltd

MINING ENGINEERING

Mining engineering is one of the rewarding professions just as the Electrical, Aerospace Engineering,Mining engineering IT, Mechanical, Electronics and Communication engineering courses being offered in almost every engineering colleges and institutions. Proficiency in subjects, such as science and mathematics is the key factors to a successful career in Mining engineering.

What does mining engineering means?

Mining engineering is basically a part of engineering that deals with the techniques used for extraction of the minerals from earth. The minerals include metallic and non-metallic ores, energy sources, solid fuels etc. The techniques being used in Mining Engineering are processing, blasting, drilling and extraction.

As the minerals are vital resources for everyday life, the process of extraction, production and development of these mineral is vital and hence the Mining Engineers are in a very high demand across the globe.

Role of mining engineering in the Country’s development

India being a land of natural resources has a lot of opportunities for the mining industry. Presently, the mining industry plays a vital role in the country’s GDP and with the changing trends and the growing population, usages of minerals are increasing and hence it is estimated that the mining industry shall be contributing about 5-6 percent of the GDP of India in the years to come. The skilled mining engineers are in demand for this very reason. With good problem-solving techniques and expertise in the skills needed in mining industry there are a lot of opportunities for a graduate in the mining engineering.

Mining Engineering Courses

Mining Engineering being one of the most lucrative career options has advanced from being just a process of mining to a whole complex system of technological augmentation.

Basic Eligibility for applying in to the Mining Engineering Courses

Under Graduate Programs: For admissions into the UG programs for mining engineering the candidates must have to clear the 10+2 examination with science subjects (Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics). For admissions into IITs, NITs and other reputed government institutions candidates must qualify the JEE (Joint Entrance Examinations). Time duration for the course is 4 years.

Post Graduate Programs: For admissions into the PG courses in mining engineering candidates must have to clear the B.E/B.Tech in any stream from an approved college, the duration for the course being 2 years.

Top colleges in India offering Mining Engineering courses

  • ISM Dhanbad
  • IIT-BHU Varanasi
  • IIT-Kharagpur
  • NIT-Raipur
  • VNIT-Nagpur
  • NIT-Surathkal
  • NIT-Rourkela
  • Acharya Institute of Technology

Mining Engineering: Job Opportunities

Career in mining is undoubtedly a rewarding opportunity and the basic job position in the field for a graduate can be a mining safety engineer and mining engineer. Also a few applicants can secure a position of sales engineer for the products and equipments manufactured by the mining equipment manufacturers.

There are several job opportunities in the field of Mining engineering, right from the government sector undertakings to the PSUs and the expanding private sector. The career option in the mining engineering includes frequent travel or residing overseas for long intervals. Among the countries offering great job opportunities the gulf countries are one of the best markets for the mining engineers. Countries like, Dubai, Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia are believed to be the golden opportunities for the mining engineers. Among some of the prospective employers, the oil firms, mines research companies, mining finance associations, mineral production organizations and several other such organizations are the sources of job opportunities for the mining engineers.

Engineers involved in the process of R & D along with the management, sales and marketing are preferred more in the metropolitan and the developed communities. A big section of the mining engineers work for the companies involved in the manufacturing the mining equipments. Some also choose to work with the geologists to understand the new ore deposits and conduct the research programs and define various new processes and methods of mining.

Government sector, PSU and Private Firms offering jobs in the mining engineering sector in India

  • The Indian Bureau of Mines
  • Geological Survey of India
  • Coal India Ltd.
  • IPCL
  • Neyvelli Lignite Corporation
  • NALCO
  • Cairn Energy
  • Hindustan Copper Limited
  • Uranium Corporation of India
  • Adani Mining Pvt. Ltd
  • Damodar Valley Corporation
  • Hindustan Zinc Ltd
  • Essel Mining & Industries Ltd

Job Responsibilities of Mining Engineers

  • Mineral determination, blasting, mineral discovery, surface mining and various other technological interventions in the process of Mining

  • Suggesting the technology and the ore processing in the best possible way without harming the environment

  • Forming the mining process plan along with designing of various underground and tunnels operations

  • Researching, surveying and suggesting new methods and techniques of mining with the help of geology, rock mechanics and economics

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Chemical Engineering is the one of the most demanded branch of engineering in terms of career and Chemical Engineeringstudents choosing it as a career option. The main reason for students choosing it as a career option is due to the huge firms across the globe recruiting chemical engineers and paying attractive salary packages.

Eligibility, Designations and Job Description

Candidates with a degree in B. E or B. Tech in Chemical Engineering from a reputed college/institution are recruited by some of the industry giants. The Chemical Engineering provides the position of Industrial Engineers, Applications Engineer, Patent Associates, Process Engineer and a Researcher. The Chemical Engineers have a wide scope of employment in several public and private sectors.

As a Chemical Engineer an individual has to perform following roles and responsibilities:

  • To Design, construct and supervise the installation of plants and equipments

  • To operate and maintain the equipments needed in manufacturing the chemicals in the plants

  • To prepare the measures to the problems and increase the productivity in terms of production and designing

  • To create modernized and high-quality materials needed for running the industrial economy

Chemical Engineering – Job Opportunities & future

With sectors like chemicals, power production, foods and manufacturing, plastic, mining process, engineering designs, material science, nanotechnology, etc hiring the chemical engineers opens a vast scope for them in terms of recruiting. Students willing to perform researches in the chemical engineering can also have their aim achieved as several top universities also take candidates as laboratory experts and professors in chemical engineering divisions.

With the expansion of the industry the chemical engineering is believed to be one of the brightest career option enabling several job opportunities across the globe. The industry is also expected to evolve phenomenally in the years to come.

Sectors taking Chemical Engineers

  • Thermal power industry
  • Atomic power
  • Recycling department
  • Power conservation
  • Defense establishment
  • Healthcare related projects
  • Automobile industry
  • Air conditioning and refrigeration industry
  • Aerospace industry
  • Pharmaceutical

Government sector, PSU and Private Firms offering jobs to the Chemical Engineers in India

  • L&T (Larson and Tubro)
  • HUL (Hindustan Unilever)
  • Dr. Reddy’s Labs
  • Cadbury India
  • McKinsey & Company
  • Reliance Industries
  • Vodafone
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