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  • Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals
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Questions

Exercise - 1

1.     In Cyathium the ratio between female to male flower is –

(1)    one: one

(2)    one: many

(3)    many: one

(4)    many: many

2.     Catkin is a type of –

        (1)    Flower

        (2)    Inflorescence

        (3)    Stem

        (4)    All

3.     A biparous cyme ending in uniparous cyme con­stitutes –

(1)    Verticillaster      

(2)    Panicle

(3)    Hypanthodium   

(4)    Cyathium

4.     Flowers are 'sessile in –

(1)    Raceme

(2)    Spike

(3)    Corymb

(4)    umbel

5.     Growth of tap roots is

(1)    Towards gravity

(2)    Towards-light

(3)    Away from gravity

(4)    Away from air

6.     Prickles of rose are –

(1)    Modified leaves

(2)    Modified stipules

(3)    Exogenous in origin

(4)    Endogenous in origin

7.     Function-of stem is –

(1)    Bear leaves and branches

(2)    Conduction of water & minerals

(3)    Conduction and storage of food

(4)    All

8.     Which is not a stem modification –

(1)    Rhizome of ginger

(2)    Corm of Colocasia

(3)    "Pitcher of Nepenthes

(4)    Tuber of potato

9.     Main function of leaf is –

(1)    Manufacture of food

(2)    Exchange of gases

(3)    Both 1 and 2

(4)    None of the above

10.    Arrangement of leaves on a stem branch is –

        (1)    Venation   

(2)    Vernation

(3)    Infloresecence   

(4)    Phyllotaxy

11.    A modification of leaf is –

(1)    Phyllode

(2)    Phylloclade

(3)    Cladode

(4)    Corm

12.    The largest leaf belongs to –

        (1)    Nerium

(2)    Tobbaco

(3)    Victoria

(4)    Rafflesia

13.    Occurence of different types of leaves on the same plant is-

(1)    Heterophylly

(2)    Heterotrophy

(3)    Heteronasty

(4)    All

14.    Cruciform corolla is found in –

        (1)    Pea

        (2)    China rose

        (3)    Radish

        (4)    Sunflower

15.    Axis between corolla and androecieum is

(1)    Anthophore       

(2)    Gynophore

(3)    Gynandrophore  

(4)    Androphore

16.    The-fourth whorl of flower is of

        (1)    Petals       

 (2)    Stamens

 (3)    Carpels

 (4)    Sepals

17.    The side of a flower facing the mother axis is called-

        (1)    Anterior side

        (2)    Posterior side

(3)    Dorsal side

(4)    Ventral side

18.    Which of the following are schizocarpic fruits –

(1)    Siliqua & Legume

(2)    Capsule & Berry

(3)    Lomentum & Capsule

(4)    Carcerulus & Lomentum

19.    Siliqua is the fruit of-

        (1)    Cruciferae

(2)    Maivaceae

(3)    Liliaceae

(4)    Solanaceae

20.    Fruit of brinjal

        (1)    Berry

        (2)    Hesperidium

        (3)    Drupe

        (4)    Pome

21.    Which of the following plants produces edible root-

(1)    Raphanus sativus

(2)    Brassica campestris

(3)    Brassica oleracea

(4)    Eruca sativa

22.    Which of the following is false fruit

(1)    Pome

(2)    Pepo

(3)    Hesperidium

(4)    Drupe

23.    A true fruit develops from

        (1)    Ovary

        (2)    Thalamus

        (3)    Petals

        (4)    Receptacle

24.    A berry fruit is –

        (1)    Fleshy and single seeded     

(2)    Fleshy and multiseeded

(3)    Dry and multi seeded

(4)    Dehiscent & single seeded

25.    Fruit of Ground nut is –

(1)    Nut

(2)    Legume

(3)    Lomentum

(4)    Capsule

26.    Immature 'Fig' or 'Gular' fruit is

        (1)    Berry

        (2)    Syconus

        (3)    Samara

        (4)    Pepo

27.    Inflorescence and fruit of sunflower is –

(1)    Capitulum and achene

(2)    Corymb and cypsella   

(3)    Capitulum and cypsella

(4)    Corymb and achene

28.    Water melon is –

        (1)    Pome

        (2)    Sorosis

        (3)    Pepo

        (4)    Drupe

29.    Geocarpic fruits is a –

        (1)    Carrot

        (2)    Radish

        (3)    Ground nut

        (4)    Turnip

30.    Pneumatophores are found in –

(1)    The vegetation which is found in marshy and saline lake

(2)    The vegetation which found in saline soil

(3)    Xerophytes

(4)    Epiphytes

31.    Tetradyanamous conditions occur in –

        (1)    Cruciferae

        (2)    Malvaceae

        (3)    Solanaceae

        (4)    Lilliaceae

32.    Which is correct pair for edible part –

(1)    Tomato - Thalamus

(2)    Maize - Cotyledons

(3)    Guava - Mesocarp

(4)    Date palm - Pericarp

33.    Bicarpellary gynoecium and oblique ovary occurs in

        (1)    Mustard

        (2)    Banana

        (3)    Pisum

        (4)    Brinjal

34.    Edible part of Banana is

(1)    Epicarp

(2)    Mesocarp and less developed endocarp

(3)    Endocarp and less developed mesocarp

(4)    Epicarp & mesocarp

35.    What is the eye of potato –

        (1)    Axillary bud

        (2)    Accessory bud

(3)    Adventitious bud

(4)    Apical bud 

36.    Floral formula of Malvaceae: 

37.    Inflorescence in Malvaceae is:

(1)    Racemose

(2)    Solitary

(3)    Cyathium

(4)    Hypanthodium

38.    Number of stamens present in malvaceae is –

(1)    Infinite (¥)

(2)    Five (5)

(3)    Ten (10)

(4)    Nine + one (9+1)

39.    Fibres are- usually, obtained from the members of-

(1)    Solanaceae       

(2)    Malvaceae

(3)    Leguminosae.

(4)    Cruciferae 

40.    Urena repanda is used for hydrophobia belongs to the family:

(1)    Cruciferae

(2)    Malvaceae

(3)    Solanaceae

(4)    Leguminosaeerh

41.    Which of the following is not a seed surface fiber:

(1)    Kapok

(2)    Silk cotton

(3)    Cotton      

(4)    Dhaincha

42.    Red shoe polish is obtained from –

        (1)    China jute

        (2)    China Rose

        (3)    Indian Rose

        (4)    Gul.e. khera

43.    In Racemose, flowers are arranged in -

(1)    Acropetal succession

(2)    Centrifugal order                

(3)    Centripetal order

(4)    All

44.    The most advanced type of inflorescence is -

(1)    Corymb

(2)    Capitulum

(3)    Cyathium  

(4)    umbel

45.    Three types of flowers occur in the inflorescence of –

        (1)    Capitulum

        (2)    Hypanthodium

        (3)    Cyathium

        (4)    umbel

46.    Axis of Inflorescence is -

        (1)    Pedicel

        (2)    Peduncle

        (3)    Petiole

        (4)    All

47.    Pedicellate flowers arising form a single point form -

        (1)    umbel

        (2)    cymose head

        (3)    capitulum

        (4)    verticillaster

48.    An edible inflorescence is -

        (1)    Brassica rapa

        (2)    Mustard

        (3)    Raphanus sativus

        (4)    Brassica oleracea

49.    Stilt root occur in-

        (1)    Groundnut

        (2)    Rice

        (3)    Sugar cane

        (4)    Wheat

50.    Prop roots of Banyan tree are meant for -

        (1)    Respiration

        (2)    Absorption of water form soil

        (3)    Providing support to big tree

        (4)    All

51.    The floral formula for sub family. Papilionatae is represented as: 

52.    Which of the following genera is characterised by the production of geocarpic fruits –

(1)    Cucurbita  

(2)    Pisum

(3)    Glycine

(4)    Arachis

53.    One of the following is a fibre yielding plant which one is it

        (1)    Crotalaria Juncea

        (2)    Cicer arietinum

        (3)    Triticum vulgare

        (4)    Impatiens balsamina

54.    Which of the following plant's seeds are used as jeweller's weight: -

        (1)    Cajanus cajan

        (2)    Lens culinaris

        (3)    Glycine max

        (4)    Abrus precatorius

55.    The 3-sub-families of Leguminosae are distin­guished mainly on the basis of –

(1)    Nature of gynoecium

(2)    Nature of corolla and stamens

(3)    Nature of habit of the plants

(4)    Nature of fruit

56.    Staminodes commonly occur in:

(1)    Liliaceae

(2)    Papilionatae

(3)    Caesalpinoideae

(4)    All the above

57.    The botanical name for 'Shikakai' is –

        (1)    Acacia catechu

        (2)    Acacia concinna

        (3)    Acacia senegal   

(4)    Acacia nilotica

58.    Haematoxylon campechianum, the heart wood of which yields dye 'haematoxylin' belongs to

(1)    Papilionaceae     

(2)    Caesalpmiaceae

(3)    Mimosaceae

(4)    Cucurbitaceae

59.    Tamarindus indica belongs to the family:        

(1)    Papilionaceae

(2)    Caesalpmiaceae

(3)    Mimosaceae

(4)    None of the above

60.    "Gulal" a coloured powdery thing used in Holi festival is obtained form-

(1)    Caesalpinoidae family

(2)    Mimosoideae family    

(3)    Papilionatae family     

(4)    Liliaceae   

61.    In family Caesalpinaceae odd sepal is:

(1)    Anterior

(2)    Posterior

(3)    Anterio -posterior

(4)    None of these

62.    Ascending imbricate corolla is found in

­(1)    Pisum/papilionatae

(2)    Tamarindus/ caesalpinoideae

(3)    Mimosa/mimosoideae

(4)    Datura/solanaceae

63.    Staminodes occur in family –

(1)    Papilionatae/ Arachis

(2)    Malvaceae/Hibiscus

(3)    Cesalpinoideae/Cassia

(4)    Cruciferae / Iberis

64.    Floral formula of Cesalpinoideae is –
 
        

65.    In Malvaceae the placentation is –

        (1)    Marginal

        (2)    Axile

        (3)    Basal

        (4)    Parietal

66.    Which family yields poor man's protein:

(1)    Papilionatae       

(2)    Cruciferae

(3)    Solanaceae       

(4)    Mimosoidae

67.    Sleeping movements commonly occur in plants of family:

(1)    Leguminosae     

(2)    Liliaceae

(3)    Malvaceae

(4)    Compositae

68.    Major source of protein is –

(1)    Oryza sativa

(2)    Cicer arietinum

(3)    Beta vulgaris

(4)    Rhizobium leguminosarum

69.    Heroin is obtained from the plant of the family –

(1)    Leguminosae     

(2)    Papaveraceae

(3)    Liliaceae

(4)    Solanaceae

70.    Pulses yielding main family of plants is –

(1)    Poaceae (Graminae)

(2)    Cucurbitaceae

(3)    Liliaceae

(4)    Papilionaceae

71.    The botanical name of ground nut is:

        (1)    Cicer arietinum

        (2)    Glycine max

        (3)    Arachis hypogea

        (4)    Lens esculentus

  •  Exercise – 2

1.    
(a) Presence of Epicalyx is the main character of ………….. family.

(b) Gulal obtained from hardwood of plant. Write the botanical name of this plant of subfamily caeselpinoedae

(c) Alkaloids obtained from its leaves and flower is used to prepare medicine, henben. Also write one use of this medicine.

(d)Write the name of family in which swollen placenta is present?

(e)Write the name of family in which accrescent is present?

2.     Write the plant name of liliaceae family –

(a)    In which stipule is modified into tendril and reticulate venation is present in leaves.

(b)    Whose leaf tip is modified into tendrils.

(c)    In which fasciculated roots are found.

(d)    Which is called butcher's boom

(e)    In which capsule fruit is found?

3.     Identify and write names of the following inflorescene.

4.     Match the column-I with Column-II.

 

Column I

 

Column II

A

Leguminosae

i

Tetradynamous stamens

B

Papilionatae

ii

Epipetalous stamens

C

Solanaceae

iii

Replum

D

Cruciferae

iv

Caryopsis fruit 

E

Malvaceae

v

Marginal placentation 

 

 

vi

Epiteplous

 

 

vii

Axile placentation

 

 

viii

Diadelphous stamens

 

 

ix

Swallon placenta

 

 

x

Cypsella fruit 

5. Find out mistake / errors in this paragraph and. correct them?

Carolla of papilionatae: Petals 5, papilionaceous gamopetalous, One petal is odd out of 5-petals, towards the mother axis-means anterior in position. It' is the largest and outer most petal which is called standard or vaxillum. Below the vexillum; two small free petals present are known as keel or alae. The innermost two free petals are called carina. Therefore such type of aestivation is called vaxillary or ascending imbricate.

6. (a)    Symptoms given below, belongs to which family?

(i)     Syngenesious stamen  

(ii)    Versatile anther

(iii)    Basal placentation

(iv)   Perianth arranged in two whorls

(b)    Write the floral formula of the following plants.

(i)     Allium sativum

(ii)    Abrus precaiorius

7.     Match the column-I with Column-II.

                   Column I

                      Column II

(A)

Wheat

(i)

Lomentum

(B)

Ground nut

(ii)

Legume

(C)

Banana

(iii)

Juicy seed coat

(D)

Pomegranate

(iv)

Hespiridium

(E)

Orange

(v)

Pome

(F)

Apple

(vi)

Unicellular juicy hair of Endocarp

(G)

Mulberry

(vii)

Caryopsis

 

 

(viii)

Embryo

 

 

(ix)

Endosperm + Embryo

 

 

(x)

Berry

 

 

(xi)

Balausta

 

 

(xii)

Sorosis

 

 

(xiii)

Syconus

8.     Match the column-I with Column-II.

Column I

Column II

(A)

Radish

(i)

Conical root

(B)

Turnip

(ii)

Tuber

(C)

Avicennia

(iii)

Fusiform root

(D)

Vitis

(iv)

Haustorial root

(E)

Mirabilis

(v)

Bulb

(F)

Dendropthoe

(vi)

Stilt root

(G)

Onion

(vii)

Nodulated root

(H)

Opuntia

(viii)

Beaded root

(I)

Maize

(ix)

Napiform root

 

 

(x)

Phylloclade

 

 

(xi)

Prop root

 

 

(xii)

Tuberous root

 

 

(xiii)

Corm

 

 

(xiv)

Respiratory root

 

 

(xv)

Stem thorn

 

 

(xvi)

Stem tendril

9. Which plants produce following products? Write only the botanical name of plant and also write related family.

(a)    Rotenone

(b)    Stramonium

(c)    Belladona

(d)    Liquorice

(e)    Pyrethrum

10.    Write the name of the stages of the following and also write name of related faniily

(a)    A1+(9)

(b)    C4X

(c)    Kp 

 

11.    Select the true or false statement

(a)    Epicalyx are the transformed of bracteoles.

(b)    The odd sepal in solanaceae is in anterior condition.

(c)    Smilax is a dieot, having reticulate veination.

(d)    Usually ray florets lies towards the periphery of head and disc-horest situated towards the centre of the head,

(e)    Nicotine & anabasine alkalloid obtaied from the seeds & roots of Nicotina tabacum.

(f)     Capitulum inflorescence is a most advanced inflorescence.

12.   

(a) Fasciculated root is found in Asparagus. These are the ………….. modification of (Tap root/ Adventitious root)

(b) Red colour resin is obtained from the stem of draceana, that’s why it is known as ………….. (Dragon plant/ Dragger plant)

(c) The structure of the bracteoles are like as bracts which is present on ………….. (Pedicel/ Peduncle)

(d) If the calyx fall before flowering then they are called ………….. (deciduous/caducous).

(e) Desmodium latifoluem the member of papilionateae family which is ………….. (xerophyte/halophyte).

13.    Write the name of given aestivations/ conditions. 

Direction for Q.14-Q.24: Each questions contain STATEMENT -1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT-2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (1), (2), (3) and (4) out of which ONLY ONE is correct.

(1) Statement- 1 is True, Statement-2 is True, Statement-2 is a correct explanation for Statement -1

(2) Statement -1 is True, Statement -2 is True; Statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for Statement - 1

(3) Statement: 1 is True, Statement- 2 is False

(4) Statement -1 is False, Statement -2 is False

14.  Statement 1: Bud may form leaves and flowers.

Statement 2: Bud is a condensed shoot

15.  Statement 1: A simple leaf has undivided lamina.

Statement 2: Leaves showing pinnate and palmate venation have various type of incisions.

16. Statement 1: Citrus is a palmate compound leaf.

Statement 2: Citrus has single functional leaflet.

17. Statement 1: Whole compound leaf of Clematis converts into tendril.

Statement 2: Gloriosa superba shows whole leaf tendril.

18. Statement 1: Leaves of Bnyophyllum, Begonia help in vegetative multiplication.

Statement 2: Leaves of these plants possess adventitious buds

19.Statement 1: Adiantum caudatum is a walking fern.

Statement 2: Adiantum grows vegetatively by their leaf tips

20. Statement 1: In corymb, all the flowers lie at the same level.

Statement 2: Pedieels of all the flowers are of same length

21. Statement 1: An incomplete flower can be perfect.

Statement 2: Perfect flowers (incomplete) are called neuter

22. Statement 1: A plant having unisexual flowers are called dioecious.

Statement 2: Mango is a polygamous plant

23. Statement 1: Ginger has a prostrate-growing rhizome.

Statement 2: Shoot growth is not effected by gravity

24. Statement 1: Coconut tree is distributed in coastal areas over a large part of the world.       

Statement 2: Coconut fruit can float and get dispersed over thousands of kilometers before losing viability.

  • Answer key

Question

Solutions

 

Questions

Solutions

1

2

 

19

1

2

2

 

20

1

3

1

 

21

1

4

2

 

22

1

5

1

 

23

1

6

3

 

24

2

7

4

 

25

3

8

3

 

26

2

9

1

 

27

3

10

4

 

28

3

11

1

 

29

3

12

3

 

30

1

13

1

 

31

1

14

3

 

32

4

15

4

 

33

4

16

3

 

34

3

17

2

 

35

1

18

4

 

36

3

37

2

 

55

2

38

1

 

56

3

39

2

 

57

2

40

2

 

58

2

41

4

 

59

2

42

2

 

60

1

43

1

 

61

1

44

2

 

62

2

45

2

 

63

3

46

2

 

64

4

47

1

 

65

2

48

4

 

66

1

49

3

 

67

1

50

3

 

68

2

51

1

 

69

2

52

4

 

70

4

53

1

 

71

3

54

4

 

   

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