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  • Diversity in The Living World
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Solutions

(5) (3) ICBN was first revised in 1975.

(10) (2) The basic unit of classifications is species.

(20) (3) Phylogeny refers to evolutionary history.

(29) (4) The smallest unit of classification is species.

(36) (1) The standard size of herbarium sheets is 11.5" × 16.5".

(45) (3) Herbarium is dry garden.

(56) (1) Bonsai is the art of growing of dwarf tree in a pot, produced by special method of cultivation.

(57) (1) Science of characters and distribution of races is known as Ethnology.

(58) (2) The study of reptiles is known as Herpetology.

(59) (1) The branch of study dealing with microscopic anatomy of tissues is Histology.

(60) (1) Olericulture is the cultivation of Vegetables

(61) (4) Oncology is the study of Cancer cells

(62) (2) Ornithology is the study of Birds

(63) (3) Pedology is the science of Soil.

(64) (3) Synecology refers to the ecological study of Community.

(65) (1) Study of abnormal embryonic growth comes under Teratology

(66) (4) The bacteria were first observed in the year 1675 by Antony van Leeuwenhoek

(67) (3) Plant virus was first crystallized by Stanley

(68) (3) The term cell was first coined by an English microcopist Robert Hooke in 1665.

(69) (1) Landsteiner studied blood groups in man.

(70) (3) 10% law of energy transfer in food chain was given by Lindeman.     

(71) (1) The law of limiting factor was proposed by Blackman.

(72) (2) Birbal Sahni is famous in the field of palaeobotany.

(73) (1) Photophosphorylation refers to A TP synthesis during light reaction of photosynthesis. It is proposed by Arnon D.I.

(74) (4) Elie Metchnikoff won the 1908 Nobel prize in physiology and medicine for tile concept of phagocytosis.

(75) (1) The term Hormone was coined by Starling.

(76) (2) Bahl K.N. wrote a memoir on the earthworm, Pheretima, to describe in morphology and anatomy.

(77) (3) Aquaculture does not include Silkworm.

(78) (2)     Palynology - Study of spores and pollen grains,

Oncology- Study of cancer/tumorus

Phycology - Study of algae

Sericulture - Rearing of silkworm

(79) (2) The branch which is associated with diagnosis, prevention and cure of mental disorders is Psychiatry.

(80) (4)     Vernalization - Lysenko

Double fertilization - Nawaschin

Pollination - Camerarius       

Alternation of Generations - Hofmeister

(81) (2)    Helminthology - Study of worms 

                Entomology - Study of insects

                Ornithology - Study of birds

                Phycology - Study of algae"

(82) (1) Biology (Bio-living, logy-science). The study of living beings is called biology. Living beings on earth are mainly classified into two forms­plants and animals. Botany and zoology are the fundamental branches of biology. Word botany has been derived from $reek word botane which means pasture or plants and zoology has been derived from word zoo­animals, logos-study. Theophrastus and Aristotle is called the father of botany and father of zoology respectively.

(83) (2) Anatomy is the study of internal structure which can be observed with unaided eye after dissection. By studying anatomy of large number of organisms, it is useful for knowing phylogenetic similarity (homology) and phylogenetic dissimilarity (analogy).

(84) (3) Taxonomy is the science of identification, nomenclature and classification of organisms. But taxonomy and systematics are different terms. Systematics is the branch of biology that deals with diversity of organisms at every level of classification.

(85) (2) All new species develop from the pre-existing species. The phenomenon of development of a new species from pre-existing one is called speciation, A species is a collections of demes.

The deme is a groups of populations with a common gene pool. 

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