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# AIEEE 2012 Physics Syllabus

•  Physics and Measurement

Topics: Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications, least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Significant figures. Physics, Technology and Society, SI units, Fundamental and derived units

•  Kinematics

Topics: Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, and relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.

• Laws of Motion

Topics: Force and Inertia, Momentum, Impulse; Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and Kinetic friction, rolling friction, Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.

Laws & Theories: Newton’s First Law of motion; Newton’s Second Law of motion; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, laws of friction

•  Work, Energy and Power

Topics: Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, power.

Laws & Theories: Work-Energy theorem

Rotational Motion:

Topics: Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion. Center of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration.

Laws & Theories: Parallel and perpendicular axes Theories and their applications.

• Gravitation

Topics: Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential, Escape velocity, Orbital velocity of a satellite, Geo-stationary satellites.

Laws & Theories: The universal law of gravitation. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion

• Properties Of Solids And Liquids

Topics: Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise, Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry, change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity, Pressure due to a fluid column, Viscosity, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow,

Laws & Theories: Newton’s law of cooling, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, Pascal’s law and its applications, Stokes’ law, Reynolds number, Bernoulli’s principle and its applications.

• Thermodynamics

Topics: Thermal equilibrium, concept of temperature, Heat, work and internal energy

Laws & Theories: First law of thermodynamics, Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot engine and its efficiency, zeroth law of thermodynamics

• Kinetic Theory of Gases

Topics: Degrees of freedom, applications to specific heat capacities of gases, Mean free path, Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules

Laws & Theories: Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, concept of pressure, Law of equipartition of energy, Avogadro’s number

• Oscillations and Waves

Topics: Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period, Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance, Wave motion, Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Periodic motion- period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, Periodic functions, Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation, phase, oscillations of a spring - restoring force and force constant, energy in S.H.M. - kinetic and potential energies

Laws & Theories: Doppler Effect in sound, Principle of superposition of waves

• Electrostatics

Electric Charges

Topics: Conservation of charge

Laws & Theories: Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric Field

Topics: Electric flux, Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor. Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Laws & Theories: Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell

• Current Electricity

Topics: Electric Cell and its internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Wheatstone bridge, Metre Bridge, Potentiometer - principle and its applications, Electric current, Drift velocity, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors, Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance

Laws & Theories: Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications.

• Magnetic Effects of Current And Magnetism

Topics: Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field, Moving coil galvanometer and its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter, Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines, Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements, Para-dia- and ferro- magnetic substances, Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets, Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, Cyclotron, Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere,

Laws & Theories: Biot-Savart’s law and its application to current carrying circular loop, Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid

• Electromagnetic Induction And Alternating Currents
 Topics: Electromagnetic induction induced emf and current, Eddy currents, Self and mutual inductance, Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage, reactance and impedance, LCR series circuit, resonance, Quality factor, power in AC circuits, watt less current, AC generator and transformer   Laws & Theories: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s Law

• Electromagnetic Waves

Topics: Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays), Applications of Electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves

• Optics

Topics: Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers, Wave optics wave front and Interference, Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum, Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids

Laws & Theories: Huygens ’ Principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light

• Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Topics: Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, particle nature of light, Matter waves-wave nature of particle

Laws & Theories: Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, de Broglie relation, Davisson-Germer experiment

• Atoms and Nuclei

Topics: Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties, radioactive decay law, Mass-energy relation, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion, Alpha-particle scattering experiment; energy levels, hydrogen spectrum, Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, isotones

Laws & Theories: Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model

• Electronic Devices

Topics: Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch, Semiconductors; semiconductor diodeI-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator

• Communication Systems

Topics: Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only). Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation

SECTION-B

Experimental Skills

Topics: Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities, Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire, Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time, Metre Scale - mass of a given object by principle of moments, Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents, Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body, Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time, Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube, Specific heat capacity of a given (a) solid and (b) liquid by method of mixtures, Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge, Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.

Laws & Theories: Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire, Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

Applications/Experiments:

Potentiometer

Comparison of emf of two primary cells

Determination of internal resistance of a cell

Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method

Focal length of: Convex mirror, Concave mirror, and Convex lens using parallax method. Plot of angle of deviation vs. angle of incidence for a triangular prism

Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.

Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.

Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.

Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, and Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.

Using Multimeter to

Identify base of a transistor

Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor

See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.

Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).